Enema and pregnancy from conception to childbirth: case study of the Manyu people south west province Cameroon
par Marie-Tudor ARREY ARREYANYOH
University of Yaounde I - Maîtrise in Anthropology 2007
THE UNIVERSITY OF YAOUNDE 1
UNIVERSITE DE YAOUNDE 1
FACULTY OF ARTS LETTERS FACULTE DES ARTS, LETTRES
AND SOCIAL SCIENCES ET SCIENCES HUMAINES DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY DEPARTEMENT D'ANTHROPLOGIE
ENEMA AND PREGNANCY FROM CONCEPTION TO CHILDBIRTH: CASE STUDY OF THE MANYU PEOPLE, SOUTH-WEST PROVINCE CAMEROON.
A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE AWARD OF A MAÏTRISE (MASTERS) IN MEDICAL ANTHROPOLOGY.
ARREY ARREYANYOH MARIE-TUDOR
(BA, IN ANTHROPOLOGY)
THE UNIVERSITY OF YAOUNDE 1
SOCPA ANTOINE (PH.D)
DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY
This work entitled «enema and pregnancy from conception to child birth, case study of the Manyu people» has as main objective to verify how cultural beliefs and altitudes are related to enema during pregnancy. From the past decade, and even today, maternal mortality has really been a call for concerned to the public. And because of that, we decided to carry a study on the subject. To attain our objective, we developed some objectives which are:
-To verify how beneficial cultural beliefs and attitudes are related to ene ma during pregnancy.
-To verify how enema is an effective therapy which his both curative and preventive.
-To asses health benefits of enema to pregnant women in the Manyu Community.
To achieve our goal the following research questions and hypotheses were elaborated
-Why do the Manyu people use enema during pregnancy?
-How medically effective is the practice in the process of disease treatment?
-What is the impact of enema on childbirth and women's health?
The hypotheses to these questions are
-The Manyu people use enema during pregnancy because of the perceived positive impact on child birth and women's health.
-The Manyu people use enema as an effective therapy which is both preventive and curative.
-The practice of enema in the Manyu Community has a positive impact on childbirth and women's health.
Data collection was from two main sources .The primary and the secondary source. The primary source was based on the collection of data from the field with the use of the interview guides and questionnaires. The secondary source consisted on the consultation of related literature to our theme of research.
Our findings revealed that enema during pregnancy helps to reduce complications associated with childbirth. Enema equally acts as a ritual to ensure the health of pregnant women before and after birth. We equally found out that enema was not only important to the women of this Community, but also to the men.
Economically, enema is a source of wealth to the people. This is because money which was supposed to be spend in the hospital to the health of the women concern will be invested to TBA in this community. Therapeuticallly it is a source of health to the people because, it deals with abstract issues related to the health of the people. In the magico- religious domain, it acts as a link between the people and their ancestors from whom they find solutions to their health problems.
However, there were equally weak adherences in the practice of enema during pregnancy by some people with a higher social status. This is because they have enough money to spend in the hospital. When a situation of complication arises they turn back to the traditional treatment. Another reason came as the result of the fact that not everybody in this society has totems which affect pregnant women negatively. This therefore account for the mix idea between those in the Manyu community who practice enema during pregnancy and the others who do not.