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Design and implementation school management system


par Gérard Rutayisire
National University of Rwanda - Degree of Bachelor in Information Technology  2010
Dans la categorie: Informatique et Télécommunications
   
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    DEDICATION

    To our dear parents regretted;

    To our dear wife Mushashi Victoire;

    To our dear children: SHEMA Alain and KAMANZI Idrissa;

    To our faithful friend Gerhard Kempf and his family: Monika Kempf, Marie and Carlos;

    To our dear brothers and sisters;

    To all our friends near and far;

    This work is dedicated.

    AKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    We can not complete this project if it is advice, aid, consolidation of the share of people who are now forever etched in our memory.

    We express our greatest thanks to our dear family for their moral support and encouragement.

    We wish to express our deep gratitude and thanks to Mr. Gerhard Kempf and his family who during 30 years of friendship until today, has consistently expressed its support strictly moral, material and financial support to the conclusion my studies.

    May our gratitude also go to Dr. William Sahinguvu, despite its many duties, has agreed to provide leadership for this work, his counsel, his dedication, his availability, his comments and corrections are relevant led to the culmination of this work.

    We thank all the teachers of the NUR who have formed during this cycle of license. The success of this project is due, mainly, to the knowledge that we have been taught in previous years.

    We especially thank the teachers who advised us and towards the right path when necessary.

    All those who contributed in one way or another, to make this work, can be found here, the crowning of their efforts.

    RUTAYISIRE Gerard

    iii

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    DEDICATION i

    AKNOWLEDGEMENTS ii

    TABLE OF CONTENTS iii

    LIST OF SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATION vi

    LIST OF TABLES vii

    LIST OF FIGURES viii

    ABSTRACT ix

    SOMMAIRE x

    I.0 INTRODUCTION 1

    1.1 Problem statement 1

    1.2 OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECT 2

    1.3 Interest project 2

    1.3.1 Personal Interest 2

    1.3.2 Institutional Interest 2

    1.4 THE HYPOTHESIS OF THE PROJECT 2

    1.5 SCOPE OF THE PROJECT 2

    1.6 METHODOLOGY 3

    1.7 ORGANIZATION OF THE PROJECT 3

    CHAPTER II: THEORETICAL CONCEPT 4

    2.1 Introduction 4

    2.2 Information system and fundamentals 4

    2.2.1 System 4

    2.2.2 Information 4

    2.2.3 Information system 4

    2.2.4 Information technology 4

    2.3 Database concepts 5

    2.3.1 Data 5

    2.3.2 Data versus information 5

    2.3.3 Database 5

    2.3.4 Entity 5

    2.3.5 Entity Relationship Diagram 5

    2.3.6 Table 6

    2.3.7 Record 6

    2.3.8 Field 6

    2.3.9 Attribute 6

    2.3.10 Primary key 6

    2.3.11 Foreign key 6

    2.3.12 Data Modeling 7

    2.3.13 Relational database 7

    2.3.14 Database management system (DBMS) 8

    2.4 Database in network environment 8

    2.4.1 Network environment 8

    2.4.2 Client/server architecture 8

    2.4.3 Client-server 9

    2.4.4 Database server 9

    2.4.5 Web server 10

    2.4.6 Web Browser 10

    2.4.7 Web page 10

    2.4.8 Website 10

    2.5 Tools and Language used 11

    2.5.1 HTML 11

    2.5.2 PHP 11

    2.5.3 Mysql 11

    2.5.4 Apache server 12

    2.5.5 JavaScript 12

    2.5.6 CSS 12

    CHAPTER III: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 13

    3.1 Introduction 13

    3.2 Prototyping model 13

    3.3 Advantages of prototyping 13

    3.4 Disadvantages of prototyping 13

    3.5 The process of prototyping 14

    3.6 Prototype cycle 15

    3.6 The importance of using prototyping 16

    3.7 Analysis of the system 16

    3.7.1 The existing system 16

    3.7.2 The proposed system 16

    3.7.3 System requirements 17

    3.8 System Actors 17

    3.8.1 Actor glossary 17

    3.8.2 System outline 18

    3.9 Data flow diagram 18

    3.9.1 Dataflow notations 19

    3.9.2 Context Diagram 20

    3.9.2.1 Data Flow Diagram Level 0 21

    3.9.2.2 Data Flow Diagram for School Secretary/ Register 22

    3.9.2.3 Data Flow Diagram for School Secretary/ View 23

    3.9.2.4 Data Flow Diagram for Secretary/ Edit 24

    3.9.2.5 Data Flow Diagram for System Administrator/ Create User 25

    3.9.3 Entity Relationship Diagram of SMS 26

    CHAPTER IV: IMPLEMENTATION OF SMS 27

    4.1 Interfaces of SMS 27

    4.1.1 Home Page of SMS 27

    4.1.2 The Login Page 28

    4.1.3 Administration Page 29

    4.1.4 Page for course scheduling 30

    4.1.5 Page of form for scheduling course 31

    4.1.6 View teachers 32

    4.1.7 Registering new teacher 33

    4.1.8 List courses to edit or delete some of them 34

    4.2 Hypothesis Verification 34

    CHAPTER V: CONCLUSION AND RECOMMANDATION 35

    5.1 CONCLUSION 35

    5.2 RECOMMANDATIONS 35

    REFERENCES 36

    I. BOOKS 36

    II. WEBOGRAPHY 36

    APPENDIX I

    vi

    LIST OF SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATION

    ASP: Application Service Provider

    CSS : Cascanding Style Sheet

    DBMS : Database Management System

    DFD : Data Flow Diagram

    ER : Entity Relationship

    ERD : Entity Relationship Diagram

    GB : Gigabyte

    GHZ : Gigahertz

    HTML : HyperText Markup Language

    HTTP : HyperText Transfer Protocol

    IS : Information System

    IT : Information Technology

    ITAA : Information Technology Association of America

    KIS: Kigali International School

    MB : Megabyte

    NUR : National University of Rwanda

    PC : Personal Computer

    PHP : Personal Home Page

    RAM : Random Access Memory

    SDLC : Software Development Life Cycle

    SGML : Standard Generalized Markup Language

    SMS : School Management System

    SQL : Structured Query Language

    URL : Uniform Resource Locators

    WWW : World Wide Web

    LIST OF TABLES

    Table 1: Actor Glossary 17

    Table 2: Dataflow notations 19

    LIST OF FIGURES

    Figure 1: Data modeling 7

    Figure 2: Database management system (DBMS) 8

    Figure 3: Client/server architecture 9

    Figure 4: Data server 10

    Figure 5: Prototype Cycle 15

    Figure 6: System outline 18

    Figure 7: Context Diagram 20

    Figure 8: DFD level 0 21

    Figure 9: DFD level 1/ Registration 22

    Figure 10: DFD level 1/ View 23

    Figure 11: DFD level 1/ Edit 24

    Figure 12: DFD level 1/ User creation 25

    Figure 13: Entity relationship 26

    Figure 14: Home Page of SMS 27

    Figure 15: The Login Page 28

    Figure 16: Administration Page 29

    Figure 17: Page for course scheduling 30

    Figure 18: Page of form for scheduling course 31

    Figure 19: View teachers 32

    Figure 20: Registering new teacher 33

    Figure 21: List courses to edit or delete some of them 34

    ABSTRACT

    Creating an application with databases and has potential benefits in all sectors,
    also including the management of a school Kigali International School.

    Kigali International School has encountered many problems related to the management of their teachers and courses to teach. They need a lot of time to capture huge amounts of data using MS Excel which is so difficult to use, where the user has to memorize all the features of the tool and it is not easy and can be the results of various errors which causes delays in their work. There are also data management, maintaining good relationships with parents of students and other school partners who are not as easy for them. This work was designed to provide a solution that can solve such problems.

    To achieve our research, we have to resort to the prototype model that allowed us to address the various stages of the creation of software to include analysis, design, development and testing of software.

    Following this research we proposed a program that will enable the school Kigali International School to record information, manage the teachers and the courses to be taught, make periodic reports from this information and "Internal School Kigali to manage the entire system and make the statistics. The new software allows quick access to information.

    SOMMAIRE

    La création d'une application comportant des bases de données présente des potentiels et avantages dans tous les secteurs y compris également celui de la gestion d'une école Kigali International School.

    Kigali International School rencontre beaucoup des problèmes liés à la gestion de leurs enseignants et les cours à dispenser. Il leur faut beaucoup de temps pour saisir des énormes quantités de données en utilisant MS Excel qui est si difficile à utiliser, où l'utilisateur doit mémoriser toutes les fonctionnalités de l'outil et ce n'est pas facile et peut être les résultats de différentes erreurs ce qui occasionne des retards dans leur travail. Il y a aussi la gestion des données, le maintien des bonnes relations avec les parents des élèves et les autres partenaires de l'école qui ne sont pas aussi facile pour eux. Ce travail a été conçu afin de donner une solution qui peut résoudre des tels problèmes.

    Pour réaliser notre travail de recherche, nous avons du recourir au prototype modèle qui nous a permis d'aborder les différentes étapes de la création d'un logiciel à savoir l'analyse, la conception, le développement et la mise à l'épreuve du logiciel.

    A l'issue de cette recherche nous avons proposé un logiciel qui permettra à l'école Kigali International School d'enregistrer les informations, de gérer les enseignants ainsi que les cours à dispenser, de faire des rapports périodique à partir des ces informations et Kigali Internal School de gérer tout le système et faire les statistiques. Le nouveau logiciel permettra un accès rapide aux informations.

    I.0 INTRODUCTION

    There is now no doubt that the information revolution is the largest and most innovative that marked the life of mankind in this century. Indeed, far from being a passing fad or a passing trend, the computer just to bring us many advantages to our way of life. No area was a stranger to this strategy that offers many services both for business and administration.

    But beyond the individual use of the computer, it is especially the establishment of communication between computers, which helped to revolutionize the methods of work. Thus, we have witnessed the emergence of networks.

    This step provides new users with new tools and allows them to improve their profitability and productivity.

    Today, the business is done online worldwide, the management of institutions is done through network technology, all the systems of information management has been digitized. All these innovations have the aim to simplify life by making a lot of things easily and in a short time. Within this framework of ideas that our project:»design and implementation of a School Management System» which can be used by Kigali International School as my case study is developed as final work to fulfill the requirements of obtaining Bachelor's degree in Information Technology.

    1.1 Problem statement

    The problem currently facing the school Kigali International School is the management of course delivery. Here, the teacher does not properly handle their workload, and sometimes the courses are not offered on time. The number of students who must study the course is not followed. The main problem is to manage the teachers work and courses scheduling.

    1.2 OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECT

    The project objectives are:

    -Suggestion of a management system that will provide a solution to some problems in high school for course planning and evaluation of teachers in a given time, and meet the system requirements.

    - Designing a new system that will provide a good way and easy to manage the delivery of courses

    - Ensure system security.

    1.3 Interest project

    1.3.1 Personal Interest

    Providing solutions to practical problems using knowledge gained from the

    particular class of software engineering, system analysis, system management databases and web design in my undergraduate studies in information technology.

    1.3.2 Institutional Interest

    The implementation of the management system will dispense courses in high

    school Kigali International School to manage institutional resources in an efficient, effective and accountable.

    1.4 THE HYPOTHESIS OF THE PROJECT

    This project will demonstrate that the implementation of the management system

    of a school will improve the quality of services in Kigali International School, creating an automated application to plan and manage the delivery of courses.

    1.5 SCOPE OF THE PROJECT

    The scope of this project is focused to the course planning for teachers, and due

    to the time constraints the work is limited only to one of modern schools of Kigali. Although this is considered as a prototype model, the project could be extended later to build full Course planning system to a big school such as University where will be all information, and different calculations of the time used by different teachers.

    1.6 METHODOLOGY

    To develop a web based application of course delivery management system, it will be necessary to use two types of methodology known as research methodology and software engineering development methodology.

    1.7 ORGANIZATION OF THE PROJECT

    This project will be divided into five parts:

    + The first part deals with the general description of the system. + The second part will deals with the review of literature,

    + The third part will deal with the methodology which will be used in the development of the software.

    + The fourth part will deal with the practical issues of development and implementation of the software

    + The last part will be concerning the conclusion and recommendation

    CHAPTER II: THEORETICAL CONCEPT

    2.1 Introduction

    The purpose of this part is to provide a brief description about terms that are

    used during development of this project. It deals with theoretical concepts and fundamentals that support this project. It provides definitions and characteristics of technologies used. Since theoretical concepts involved are complex the description provides only the over view.

    2.2 Information system and fundamentals

    2.2.1 System

    A set of interrelated components that function together to achieve one or more

    results1. For example, a computer System includes both hardware and software to process any information.

    2.2.2 Information

    Information is the result of data processing2, the data is processed, manipulated,

    organized, in order to be in suitable form for human interpretation.

    2.2.3 Information system

    Information system (IS)is an arrangement of people, data, processes, and

    information technology that interact to collect, process, store, and provide as output the information needed to support an organization3.

    Examples: Hotel Online Booking System

    Student Online registration System

    2.2.4 Information technology

    Information Technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology4

    association of America (ITAA), means all computerized and auxiliary automated

    1 Saint JOSEPH Computer learning Center (System Analysis & Design e-Book) page 5

    2 Saint JOSEPH Computer learning Center (System Analysis & Design e-Book) page 5

    3 Whitten & Bently, 2007, Systems analysis and design methods, 7th edition, McGraw-Hill,chap.1

    4 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Information technology, 15th April, 2010

    information handling, including system analysis and design, computer programming, data conversion, information storage and retrieval, data communication, voice, video, requisite systems controls, and simulation. Generally the term Information Technology is abbreviated with «IT»

    2.3 Database concepts

    2.3.1 Data

    Data is a representation of facts, concepts, or instructions in a manner suitable

    for communication, interpretation, or processing by humans or by automated means; data5 consists of basic facts that are the system's raw material.

    2.3.2 Data versus information

    Data and information are closely related, and in fact are often used

    interchangeably. However it is useful to distinguish between data and information. Information is normally defined as data that has been processed in such a way that it can increase the knowledge of the person who uses the data.

    2.3.3 Database

    Database is an organized collection of related data6. It means that data are

    structured in manner suitable to be stored, manipulated, and retrieved by users; By related I mean the data describe domain of interest to a group of users and that the users can use the data to answer questions concerning that domain.

    2.3.4 Entity

    It is a person, object, place, event, or concept in the user environment about

    which the organization wishes maintain data.

    2.3.5 Entity Relationship Diagram

    An entity-relationship (ER) diagram is a specialized graphic that illustrates the

    interrelationships between entities in a database. ER diagrams often use symbols to represent three different types of information.

    5 Saint JOSEPH Computer learning Center (System Analysis & Design e-Book) page 5

    6 Whitten & Bently, 2007, Systems analysis and design methods, 7th edition, McGraw-Hill ,chap3

    Boxes are commonly used to represent entities. Diamonds are normally used to represent relationships and ovals are used to represent attributes.

    2.3.6 Table

    A table is a two-dimensional display of data values corresponding to an entity.

    The columns of a table represent the characteristics of the entity, and the rows represent instance of the entity.

    2.3.7 Record

    A record is a generic term of a row in database, just like a card. A record very

    often represents a piece of content. The dynamic functionality and much of the content of Mambo relies in a database in order to function.

    2.3.8 Field

    The location in a database record reserve for a particular type of data; for

    example in library catalog, author, title; subject headings would all be stored in specific fields.

    2.3.9 Attribute

    A named property or characteristic of an entity that is of interest to an

    organization. An example of attribute is «personnel_Id»

    2.3.10 Primary key

    The primary key is used to create relationships between tables. It's «the entry

    keyed off of» to identify the record in question.

    An otherwise meaningless surrogate value is often used for the primary key. The primary key for an entry must never change: if the referred to by a record in a different table, the relationship (link) will be often irretrievably broken.

    2.3.11 Foreign key

    A foreign key is a reference to a key in another table, meaning that the

    referencing table has, as one of its attributes, the values of a key in the referenced table. Usually a foreign key will be a primary key in another table.

    2.3.12 Data Modeling

    It is a technique for organizing and documenting a system's data. Sometimes it is

    called database modeling7 because it is eventually implemented as a database. The actual model is frequently called Entity Relationship Diagram (ERD), where entity means a class of persons, objects, events or concepts about which we need to capture and store data and relationship means association among the instance of one or more entity types.

    Figure 1: Data modeling

    Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f4/4- 3_Data_Modelling_Today.jpg

    2.3.13 Relational database

    Relational database creates relationships between fields in tables explicitly

    through keyed fields.

    Because the relationships are not handled programmatically but are integral to the data itself, users can access the data without knowing the physical structure of the data (i.e. how data are written on disk). Logically, relational databases lend themselves very efficiently to many situations, and because their structure is transparent, they can be designed and modified relatively easily.

    2.3.14 Database management system (DBMS)

    A collection of programs that enable a user to enter, modify, manage, and delete

    information in a database. There are different type of DBMSs, ranging from small systems that run on personal computers to huge systems that run on mainframes.

    Database management system (DBMS)

    Figure 2: Database management system (DBMS)

    Source: http://www.unixspace.com/img/com.gif 2.4 Database in network environment

    2.4.1 Network environment

    2.4.2 Client/server architecture

    A Network architecture 14 in which each computer or process on the network is either a client or a server.

    Servers are powerful computers or process dedicated to managing disk drives (file servers), printers (print serves), or network traffic (network servers).

    Client are PCs or workstations on which users run applications. Clients rely on servers for resources, such as files, devices, and even processing power. Another type of network architecture is known as a peer-to-peer architecture because each node has equivalent responsibilities.

    Both client/server and peer-to-peer architectures are widely used, and each has unique advantages and disadvantages. Client-server architectures are sometimes called two-tier architectures.

    Figure 3: Client/server architecture

    Source: http://www.acm.org/ubiquity/volume_9/images/client_server_architecture.jpg

    2.4.3 Client-server

    Client/server describes the relationship between two computer programs in which

    one program, the client, makes a service request from another program, the server, which fulfils the request. Although the client/server idea can be used by programs within a single computer, it is a more important idea in a network. In a network, the client/server model provides a convenient way to interconnect programs that are distributed efficiently across different locations.

    2.4.4 Database server

    A database server is a computer program that provides database services to

    other computer programs or computers, as defined by the client-server model.

    10

    Figure 4: Data server

    Source: http://www.inera.it/opencms_inera/export/pics/inera/dataserver.gif

    2.4.5 Web server

    A computer program that is responsible for accepting HTTP requests from

    clients, which are known as web browsers, and serving them HTTP responses along with optional data contents, which usually are web pages such as HTML documents and linked objects (images, etc.).

    2.4.6 Web Browser

    A web browser is a software application that enables a user to display and

    interact with text, images, videos, music and other information typically located on a Web page at a website on the World Wide Web or a local area network. Some of the popular browsers are: Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, Netscape, and Opera and further

    2.4.7 Web page

    A web page8 is a block of data available on the world-wide web, identified by an

    URL.

    2.4.8 Website

    A website9 is a set of interconnected web pages, usually including a homepage,

    generally located on the same server, and prepared and maintained as a collection of information by a person, group, or organization.

    8 http://www.learnthat.com/define/view.asp?id=2348 22th April, 2010 9 http://www.answers.com/topic/website 22th April, 2010

    14 http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/Cclient server architecture.html (accessed: 23/05/2010)

    2.5 Tools and Language used 2.5.1 HTML

    Hypertext Markup Language" is the authoring language used to create documents on the World Wide Web (www). HTML is similar to SGML, although it is not a strict subset.

    HTML defines the structure and layout of a Web document by using a variety of tags and attributes. All the information you'd like to include in your Web page fits in between the tags.

    There are hundreds of other tags used to format and layout the information in a web page. Tags are also used to specify hypertext links. These allow Web developers to direct users to other web pages with only a click of the mouse on either an image or word(s).

    2.5.2 PHP

    PHP is a powerful tool for making dynamic and interactive Web pages.PHP is the widely-used, free, and efficient alternative to competitors such as Microsoft's ASP.PHP is an HTML-embedded scripting language10. Much of its syntax is borrowed from C, Java and Perl with a couple of unique PHP-specific features thrown in. The goal of the language is to allow web developers to write dynamically generated pages quickly

    2.5.3 Mysql

    Mysql is a relational database management system. It stores data in separate tables rather than putting all the data in one big storeroom. This adds speed flexibility. The Mysql database server is very fast, reliable cheaper and easy to use and learn. Mysql today offers a rich and useful set of functions. Its connectivity, speed and security make it highly suited for accessing databases on the Internet, it also supports clustering technology.

    10 http://www.tizag.com/phpT/ 15 Marchr, 2010

    2.5.4 Apache server

    Apache has been the world's most popular Web server (HTTP server) on the

    Internet since April 1996 and is generally considered to be more stable than other servers. The name Apache derives from the word «patchy» that the Apache developers used to describe early versions of their software. This web server has been chosen because of its performance regarding to the other servers

    2.5.5 JavaScript

    A popular scripting language that is widely supported in Web browsers and other

    Web tools. It adds interactive functions to HTML pages, which are otherwise static, since HTML is a display language, not a programming language.

    On the client, JavaScript is maintained as source code embedded into an HTML page. On the server, it is compiled into byte code (intermediate language), similar to Java programs.

    2.5.6 CSS

    It stands for Cascading Style Sheet. Style sheet refers to the document itself.

    Style sheets have been used for document design for years. They are the technical specifications for a layout, whether print or online. Print designers use style sheets to insure that their designs are printed exactly to specifications.

    CHAPTER III: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

    3.1 Introduction

    The third chapter states the methodology used to reach the objectives of the

    project. The framework in which software is designed, developed, and maintained is known as the Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC). It shows the steps, phases, milestones, and evolution of the software development process. There are many types of models used in software design and development. Among them are the spiral models, rapid development model, Evolutionary model, waterfall model, prototyping model, etc.

    3.2 Prototyping model

    Prototyping Model has been used to develop this application. The Prototyping11

    model is a technique for quickly building a function but incomplete model of the information system.

    3.3 Advantages of prototyping

    · Reduces development time.

    · Reduces development costs.

    · Requires user involvement.

    · Developers receive quantifiable user feedback.

    · Facilitate system implementation since users know what to expect.

    · Results in higher user satisfaction.

    · Exposes developers to potential future system enhancements.

    3.4 Disadvantages of prototyping

    · Can lead to insufficient analysis.

    · Developers can become too attached to their prototypes.

    · Can cause systems to be left unfinished and/or implemented before they are ready.

    11 Whitten Bentley, «Systems analysis and design methods 7th edition», p.70

    3.5 The process of prototyping

    > Identify basic requirement: Determine basic requirements including the input and output information desired. Details, such us security, can typically be ignored.

    > Develop initial prototype: The initial prototype is developed that includes only user interfaces.

    > Review: The customers, end-users, examine the prototype and provide feedback on additions or changes.

    > Revise and enhancing the prototype: Using the feedback, both the specifications and the prototype can be improved.

    This method involves a series of iterations and refinement until the prototype product is a fully working system, and the user is satisfied.

    3.6 Prototype cycle

    Startin

    Timing

    Figure 5: Prototype Cycle

    Source: Own drawing using Ms Visio

    This prototype model usually consists of the following: > Analyze the users' basic requirements.

    > Repeat

    o Develop or revise the working prototype to include the requirements that are known at this stage.

    o Allow the user to use the prototype to suggest changes to the requirements. If there are no major changes, exit the loop.

    o Analyze the requested changes with the user.

    The outcome is usually one of the following:

    > The final prototype is used as part or all of the specifications for the

    formal development of the system.

    > The final prototype is placed into production.

    3.6 The importance of using prototyping

    It has been argued that prototyping, in some form or another, should be used all

    the time and is very effective in the analysis and design of on-line systems, especially for transaction processing, where the use of screen dialogs is much more in evidence. However, prototyping is most beneficial in systems that will have many interactions with the users. Prototyping is especially good for designing good human-computer interfaces.

    3.7 Analysis of the system

    The initial step while developing an application program consists exactly to find

    out what to be solved and what should be done and to make sure that the measures taken are consistent and sufficient to resolve the problem. It also consists of finding out what are the requirements specifications that the system will use, who are the users, what is the benefit of the application, those activities are done to help full system analysis

    3.7.1 The existing system

    There is no any other automated product at Kigali International School. The

    current system is manual. They use Ms Excel, which is so difficult to use, where the user must memorize all features of the tool and this is not easy and results to different errors.

    3.7.2 The proposed system

    While analyzing the existing system, the automated system has been proposed.

    This is the School Management System. It allows the user to store data, retrieve data and manage simply. Secretary can insert teachers' information, course information, distribute courses among available teachers, inform all teachers for changes and other related to school activities

    3.7.3 System requirements

    Ubuntu Linux Operating system revealed itself as a product of choice because of

    viruses' issue, but that product can also run under Windows XP, Vista as Operating System, Processor 2.5 GHz and 1014 MB RAM and 60 GB Hard Disk for each machine.

    3.8 System Actors

    System actor is any person who will use or affected by an information system on

    a regular basis-capturing, validating, entering, responding to, storing and exchanging data and information. The School Management System has two categories of the system users. They are:

    · School Secretary.

    · System Administrator.

    3.8.1 Actor glossary Table 1: Actor Glossary

    User

    Activities

    School Secretary

    The school staff in charge of planning courses, teachers, modification of those entries if necessary

    System administrator

    Creates system new users, modify user
    or delete user, creates and publish

    news and announcements, view all
    information in the system

    PROCESS

    ü Adding courses

    ü Registering teacher

    ü Section registration

    ü Class registration

    ü User registration

    ü View all Information

    ü Course planning

    ü Time calculation

    3.8.2 System outline

    INPUT

    ü Request for Adding course

    ü Request for registering a teacher.

    ü Request Section

    registration

    ü Request Class registration

    ü Request User registration

    ü Request information

     

    FILES

    ü Courses file

    ü Teachers file

    ü Classes file igre: System

    ü Users file

    ü Section file

    ü Announcement and news file

    OUTPUT

    ü Show all courses

    ü Show all teachers

    ü Show all section

    ü Show all classes

    ü Show all news

    ü Show all announcements

    ü Confirmation message

    ü Error message

     

    Figure 6: System outline

    Source: Own drawing

    3.9 Data flow diagram

    A data flow diagram concentrate upon the data needed to support the information

    requirements of the system.

    What is needed, what the processes that convert it? It provides the notion of structure, static pieces of documentation, communication tool...

    3.9.1 Dataflow notations

    A DFD has 4 keys components

    Table 2: Dataflow notations

     

    External Entity: exist in the system's

    environment and either provide data to the system (sources) or receive data from the system (sinks).

     

    Process: The individual task which when

    completed in a certain sequence fulfils the overall goal of the system of which is a part. It transform input into output

     
     
     
     
     
     
     

    Data store: contains data which is needed by a process in order for it to be completed

     
     
     
     

    Data Flows: Depict the fact that some data in the form of documents is moving from an external entity to a process or vice versa, from one process to another, from a process to a store or vice versa.

     
     

    3.9.2 Context Diagram

    Figure 7: Context Diagram

    Source: Own drawing

    The figure above shows the interaction between the system and external agents which act as data sources and data sinks. The context diagram shows the entire system as a single process, and gives no clues as to its internal organization.

    3.9.2.1 Data Flow Diagram Level 0

    Figure s: DFD level 0

    Source: Own drawing

    The figure above shows how the system users intervene with the process of the school management system for teachers, courses and how data are sent into different Data files. It shows in general how users interact with the system and how data are being processed to respond the user request.

    3.9.2.2 Data Flow Diagram for School Secretary/ Register

    1.1

    SMS/R

    Request information to register

    1.1.1 SMS/R/RD

    Teacher

    Register data(Teacher,
    Course, class)

    class

    1.1.3

    Registration transimission

    Field verification

    SMS/R/RT

    Data

    course

    1.1.2

    Check data

    SMS/R/CD

    Send information

    Confirm registration

    Figure 9: DFD level 1/ Registration Source: Own drawing

    The Figure above shows how secretary interact with the system to process registration of courses, teachers and classes.

    3.9.2.3 Data Flow Diagram for School Secretary/ View

    Request of viewing

    Course id

    Send information

    Return information

    Confirmation of Viewing

    Figure 10: DFD level 1/ View

    Source: Own drawing

    The figure above shows the way for secretary to view all information necessary .

    3.9.2.4 Data Flow Diagram for Secretary/ Edit

    Request of viewing

    1.3

    1.3.1

    teacher

    Register data(teacher,
    Course, class)

    class

    SMS/M/Inf

    teacher id

    Class id

    1.3.3

    Providing information

    Confirmation

    SMS/M/MD

    SMS/M

    Modify data

    Course id

    course

    1.3.2

    Request information

    SMS/M/RI

    Send information

    Return information

    Figure 11: DFD level 1/ Edit Source: Own Drawing

    The figure above explains how secretary interact with the system to edit data where necessary.

    3.9.2.5 Data Flow Diagram for System Administrator/ Create User

    Rea uest user creation

    User information

    User information

    User creation confirmation

    Figure 12: DFD level 1/ User creation Source: Own drawing

    The figure above shows the process of creating user, and here the user said is school secretary. This task is performed by System administrator.

    3.9.3 Entity Relationship Diagram of SMS

    Figure 13: Entity relationship

    Source: SMS

    The figure above shows the tables in SMS Database, how the relationships between entities are created. This graphic is made by using MYSQL Workbench and are normalized to remove some anomalies. Rectangles represent entities; the entity name is placed at the top and the attributes at the bottom.

    CHAPTER IV: IMPLEMENTATION OF SMS 4.1 Interfaces of SMS

    4.1.1 Home Page of SMS

    Figure 14: Home Page of SMS

    Source: SMS

    The figure above shows how the system looks at its home page. This is the interface for everyone who can access the system.

    4.1.2 The Login Page

    Figure 15: The Login Page

    Source: SMS

    The figure below is the page where is the login utility. Here there is authentication for users. The user must specify his/her Username and password then login as Administrator to perform the required tasks.

    4.1.3 Administration Page

    Figure 16: Administration Page

    Source: SMS

    This the page where the user, secretary or Administrator will works. He/She can add students, add course, schedule the course, add student, and edit all features. It is the page where all tasks of the system can be performed it appears after login.

    4.1.4 Page for course scheduling

    Figure 17: Page for course scheduling

    Source: SMS

    The figure above shows the planes courses

    4.1.5 Page of form for scheduling course

    Figure 18: Page of form for scheduling course

    Source: SMS

    Course scheduling form: Here the school's secretary can plan the course. Edit it and delete if necessary. The course may be planned by trimester where the start date and end date is mentioned.

    4.1.6 View teachers

    Figure 19: View teachers

    Source: SMS

    The figure above shows the list of available teachers at KIS, they can be modified as the manager wishes or updated due to any change that can occur.

    4.1.7 Registering new teacher

    Figure 20: Registering new teacher

    Source: SMS

    The figure above shows the way to register new teacher, I shows the details of teacher, personal identification and educational level.

    4.1.8 List courses to edit or delete some of them

    Figure 21: List courses to edit or delete some of them

    Source: SMS

    The figure above shows how you can add or delete a course from a list. 4.2 Hypothesis Verification

    At the end of the work the hypothesis of the project were accomplished as suggested by the researcher. The Hypothesis was to demonstrate that the implementation of the management system of a school will improve the quality of services in Kigali International School, creating an automated application to plan and manage the delivery of courses. Finally the prototype has been created and can be used.

    CHAPTER V: CONCLUSION AND RECOMMANDATION

    5.1 CONCLUSION

    The main objective of this study was to provide a solution to the problem at school Kigali International School, in its many difficulties in managing teachers, courses and students.

    This objective was successfully achieved for a practical solution it is possible to implement SMS at Kigali International School. But due to the limited time it is still a prototype which once improved can be successful for such Kind of schools.

    5.2 RECOMMANDATIONS

    As the Methodology used in this project is the prototyping the researcher recommends the following:

    For further researchers to continue to create similar product for differents schools in Rwanda using web based application tools. To improve the security they can use Java applets

    For KIS, the researcher recommend this school to provide the requirements in matter of equipments in other to setup the product at its level so that to shift for new prototype can be made while this product is in production.

    REFERENCES

    I. BOOKS

    1. Saint JOSEPH Computer learning Center (System Analysis & Design e- Book) page 5

    2. Whitten & Bently, 2007, Systems analysis and design methods, 7th edition, McGraw-Hill,chap.1

    3. Whitten & Bently, 2007, Systems analysis and design methods, 7th edition, McGraw-Hill ,chap3

    4. Whitten Bentley, «Systems analysis and design methods 7th edition», p.70

    II. WEBOGRAPHY

    1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Informationtechnology

    2. http://searchdatamanagement.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid91gci211902,00.html

    3. http://www.learnthat.com/define/view.asp?id=2348

    4. http://www.answers.com/topic/website

    5. http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/Cclientserverarchitecture.html

    6. http://www.tizag.com/phpT/

    7. http://www.umsl.edu/~sauterv/analysis/prototyping/proto.html

    8. http://www.umsl.edu/~sauterv/analysis/prototyping/proto.html

    I

    APPENDIX

    Coding using model

    We used EasyPHP which helped us to create a transitional object and the MySQL database to build a persistent object of our data model. The following class implements logins and passwords.

    <?

    session_start();

    if(!session_is_registered('username'))

    {

    header("location:administrator.php");

    }

    ?>

    <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN">

    <HTML>

    <HEAD>

    <TITLE> SMS :: Administrator </TITLE>

    <META NAME="Generator" CONTENT="EditPlus">

    <META NAME="Author" CONTENT="">

    <META NAME="Keywords" CONTENT="">

    <META NAME="Description" CONTENT="">

    <link rel="stylesheet" media="screen" type="text/css" title="Essai" href="administrator.css" />

    </style> </HEAD>

    <BODY bgcolor='#e7fff3'>

    <p>

    <TABLE bgcolor='white'height=''width='800'align='center'class='maintable'> <TR>

    <TD colspan='2'width=''height='100'bgcolor=''align=''>

    <IMG SRC="../images1/banner.png" WIDTH="800"

    HEIGHT="100" BORDER="0" ALT="">

    <TR>

    <TD colspan='2'>

    <table align='center'>

    <tr>

    <td

    background='../images1/menu.png'width='98'height='30'align='center'><a href='index.php'>HOME</a></td>

    II

    <td

    background='../images1/menu.png'width='98'height='30'align='center'><a href='news/index1.php'>NEWS</a></td>

    <td

    background='../images1/menu.png'width='98'height='30'align='center'><a href="../lecturer/lecturer.php">TEACHERS</a></td>

    <td

    background='../images1/menu.png'width='98'height='30'align='center'><a href="../course/course/viewcourse.php" >COURSE</a></td>

    <td

    background='../images1/menu.png'width='98'height='30'align='center'><a href='../student/student.php'>STUDENTS</a></td>

    <td

    background='../images1/menu.png'width='98'height='30'align='center'><a href=''>PARENTS</a></td>

    <td

    background='../images1/menu.png'width='98'height='30'align='center'><a href=''>CONTACTS</a></td>

    <td

    background='../images1/menu.png'width='98'height='30'align='center'><a href='Academic/injira.php'>LOGOUT</a></td>

    <td

    background='../images1/menu.png'width='98'height='30'align='center'><a href=''>HELP</a></td>

    </tr>

    </table>

    </TD>

    </TR>

    <TR>

    <TD width='200'bgcolor='white'valign='top'><script LANGUAGE="JavaScript" topmargin="0">

    <! Begin of calender

    >

    monthnames = new Array( "January",

    "Februrary",

    "March",

    "April",

    "May",

    "June",

    "July",

    "August",

    "September",

    "October",

    "November",

    "Decemeber");

    var linkcount=0;

    function addlink(month, day, href) {

    var entry = new Array(3); entry[0] = month;

    entry[1] = day;

    entry[2] = href;

    this[linkcount++] = entry; }

    Array.prototype.addlink = addlink;

    linkdays = new Array(); monthdays = new Array(12);

    III

    monthdays[0]=31; monthdays[1]=28; monthdays[2]=31; monthdays[3]=30; monthdays[4]=31; monthdays[5]=30; monthdays[6]=31; monthdays[7]=31; monthdays[8]=30; monthdays[9]=31; monthdays[10]=30; monthdays[11]=31; todayDate=new Date();

    thisday=todayDate.getDay(); thismonth=todayDate.getMonth(); thisdate=todayDate.getDate(); thisyear=todayDate.getYear();

    thisyear = thisyear % 100;

    thisyear = ((thisyear < 50) ? (2000 + thisyear) : (1900 +

    thisyear));

    if (((thisyear % 4 == 0)

    && !(thisyear % 100 == 0))

    ||(thisyear % 400 == 0)) monthdays[1]++; startspaces=thisdate;

    while (startspaces > 7) startspaces-=7;

    startspaces = thisday - startspaces + 1;

    if (startspaces < 0) startspaces+=7; document.write("<table border=0 bgcolor=#99cccc

    width='200'");

    document.write("bordercolor=black><font

    color=black>");

    document.write("<tr><td colspan=7><center><strong>" + monthnames[thismonth] + " " + thisyear

    + "</strong></center></font></td></tr>"); document.write("<tr>");

    document.write("<td align=center>Su</td>"); document.write("<td align=center>M</td>"); document.write("<td align=center>Tu</td>"); document.write("<td align=center>W</td>"); document.write("<td align=center>Th</td>"); document.write("<td align=center>F</td>"); document.write("<td align=center>Sa</td>"); document.write("</tr>");

    document.write("<tr>");

    for (s=0;s<startspaces;s++) {

    document.write("<td> </td>");

    }

    count=1;

    while (count <= monthdays[thismonth]) { for (b = startspaces;b<7;b++) {

    linktrue=false;

    document.write("<td>");

    for (c=0;c<linkdays.length;c++) {

    if (linkdays[c] != null) {

    if ((linkdays[c][0]==thismonth + 1) &&

    IV

    document.write("<a href=\"" + linkdays[c][2] + "\">"); linktrue=true;

    }

    }

    }

    if (count==thisdate) {

    document.write("<font color='FF0000'><strong>");

    }

    if (count <= monthdays[thismonth]) { document.write(count);

    }

    else {

    document.write(" ");

    }

    if (count==thisdate) { document.write("</strong></font>");

    }

    if (linktrue)

    document.write("</a>");

    document.write("</td>");

    count++;

    } document.write("</tr>");

    document.write("<tr>");

    startspaces=0;

    } document.write("</table></p>");

    </script>

    <! End

    >

    <TABLE>

    <TR>

    <TD ><IMG

    SRC="../images1/work.png" WIDTH="200" HEIGHT="200" BORDER="0" ALT=""></TD>

    </TR>

    </TABLE>

    </TD>

    <TD valign='top'>

    <iframe src="home.php"name="myframe" width="600" marginwidth="20" height="300" align="center" marginheight="15" scrolling="yes"></iframe> </TD>

    </TR>

    <TR>

    <TD height='80'colspan='2' bgcolor='#094809' valign='top'><font color="#ffffff"><marquee bgcolor='' width=100% height=40 direction=left>KIS, INGANZO Y'URUBYIRUKO</marquee></font

    <center>Copyright (c) KIS Last update 28 June,2010</center>

    </TD>

    </TR>

    </TABLE>

    </p>

    </HTML>

    <?

    session_start();

    if(!session_is_registered('username'))

    {

    header("location:administrator.php");

    }

    ?>

    <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN">

    <HTML>

    <HEAD>

    <TITLE> SMS :: TEACHERS </TITLE>

    <META NAME="Generator" CONTENT="EditPlus">

    <META NAME="Author" CONTENT="">

    <META NAME="Keywords" CONTENT="">

    <META NAME="Description" CONTENT="">

    <link rel="stylesheet" media="screen" type="text/css" title="Essai" href="lecturer.css" />

    </HEAD>

    <BODY bgcolor=''>

    <p>

    <TABLE bgcolor='white'height=''width='800'align='center'class='maintable'> <TR>

    <TD colspan='2'width=''height='100'bgcolor=''align=''>

    <IMG SRC="../images1/banner.png" WIDTH="800" HEIGHT="100" BORDER="0" ALT="">

    </TR>

    <TR>

    <TD width='200'bgcolor='white'valign='top'><script LANGUAGE="JavaScript" topmargin="0">

    <! Begin of calender

    >

    monthnames = new Array(

    "January", "Februrary", "March",

    "April",

    "May",

    "June",

    "July",

    "August",

    "September",

    "October",

    "November", "Decemeber");

    var linkcount=0;

    function addlink(month, day, href) {

    var entry = new Array(3);

    VI

    entry[0] = month;

    entry[1] = day;

    entry[2] = href;

    this[linkcount++] = entry;

    }

    Array.prototype.addlink = addlink;

    linkdays = new Array();

    monthdays = new Array(12);

    monthdays[0]=31; monthdays[1]=28; monthdays[2]=31; monthdays[3]=30; monthdays[4]=31; monthdays[5]=30; monthdays[6]=31; monthdays[7]=31; monthdays[8]=30; monthdays[9]=31; monthdays[10]=30; monthdays[11]=31; todayDate=new Date();

    thisday=todayDate.getDay(); thismonth=todayDate.getMonth(); thisdate=todayDate.getDate(); thisyear=todayDate.getYear();

    thisyear = thisyear % 100;

    thisyear = ((thisyear < 50) ? (2000 + thisyear) : (1900 +

    thisyear));

    if (((thisyear % 4 == 0)

    && !(thisyear % 100 == 0))

    ||(thisyear % 400 == 0)) monthdays[1]++; startspaces=thisdate;

    while (startspaces > 7) startspaces-=7;

    startspaces = thisday - startspaces + 1;

    if (startspaces < 0) startspaces+=7; document.write("<table border=0 bgcolor=#99cccc

    width='200'");

    document.write("bordercolor=black><font

    color=black>");

    document.write("<tr><td colspan=7><center><strong>" + monthnames[thismonth] + " " + thisyear

    + "</strong></center></font></td></tr>"); document.write("<tr>");

    document.write("<td align=center>Su</td>"); document.write("<td align=center>M</td>"); document.write("<td align=center>Tu</td>"); document.write("<td align=center>W</td>"); document.write("<td align=center>Th</td>"); document.write("<td align=center>F</td>"); document.write("<td align=center>Sa</td>"); document.write("</tr>");

    document.write("<tr>");

    for (s=0;s<startspaces;s++) {

    document.write("<td> </td>");

    }

    count=1;

    while (count <= monthdays[thismonth]) {

    for (b = startspaces;b<7;b++) {

    linktrue=false;

    document.write("<td>");

    for (c=0;c<linkdays.length;c++) {

    if (linkdays[c] != null) {

    if ((linkdays[c][0]==thismonth + 1) &&

    (linkdays[c][1]==count)) {

    document.write("<a href=\"" + linkdays[c][2] + "\">"); linktrue=true;

    }

    }

    }

    if (count==thisdate) {

    document.write("<font color='FF0000'><strong>");

    }

    if (count <= monthdays[thismonth]) { document.write(count);

    }

    else {

    document.write(" ");

    }

    if (count==thisdate) { document.write("</strong></font>");

    }

    if (linktrue)

    document.write("</a>");

    document.write("</td>");

    count++;

    } document.write("</tr>");

    document.write("<tr>");

    startspaces=0;

    } document.write("</table></p>");

    </script>

    <! End

    >

    <TABLE>

    <TR>

    <TD ><IMG

    SRC="../images1/work.png" WIDTH="200" HEIGHT="200" BORDER="0" ALT=""></TD>

    </TR>

    </TABLE>

    </TD>

    <TD>

    <h2><center>There are 4 teachers in our

    School</center></h2>

    <h2><center>School staffs</center></h2>

    <table width="70%" border="1" cellpadding="2"

    cellspacing="2" align="center">

    <tr>

    <th>Teacher_Id</th>

    <th>Firstname</th> <th>Lastname</th> <th>Grade</th> <th>Status</th> <th>Nationality</th> <th>Option</th> </tr>

    <tr>

    <td>46</td>

    <td>Kadubiri</td> <td>Kaka</td> <td>A0</td>

    <td>Single</td> <td>Rwandese</td>

    <td>0</td>

    </tr><tr>

    <td>47</td> <td>Kamali</td>

    <td>Augustin</td>

    <td>Diploma</td>

    <td>Not married</td>

    <td>Rwandese</td>

    <td>20</td>

    </tr><tr>

    <td>48</td> <td>Kamali</td>

    <td>Augustin</td>

    <td>Diploma</td>

    <td>Not married</td>

    <td>Rwandese</td>

    <td>20</td>

    </tr><tr>

    <td>49</td> <td>Kaberuka</td>

    <td>Jean</td> <td>Diploma</td>

    <td>Not married</td>

    <td>Rwandese</td>

    <td>20</td>

    </tr> <tr> <td colspan='8'>Total :4 Teachers</td>

    </tr>

    </table><h4><center><a href='../administrator/administrator.php'> Back </a> || <a href='insertlecturer1.php'> Add new Teacher</a> || <a href ='ListUpdate.php'>Edit or Delete Teacher</a> </center></h4>

    </TD>

    </TR>

    <TR>

    <TD height='80'colspan='2' bgcolor='#094809' valign='top'><font color="#ffffff"><marquee bgcolor='' width=100% height=40 direction=left>KIS, INGANZO Y'URUBYIRUKO</marquee></font

    IX

    <center>Copyright (c) KIS, last update 28 June,2010</center>

    </TD>

    </TR>

    </TABLE>

    </p>

    </BODY>
    </HTML>

    <?

    session_start();

    if(!session_is_registered('username'))

    {

    header("location:administrator.php");

    }

    ?>

    <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN"> <HTML>

    <HEAD>

    <TITLE> SMS: Planned course </TITLE>

    <META NAME="Generator" CONTENT="EditPlus">

    <META NAME="Author" CONTENT="">

    <META NAME="Keywords" CONTENT="">

    <META NAME="Description" CONTENT="">

    <link rel="stylesheet" media="screen" type="text/css" title="Essai" href="course.css" />

    </HEAD>
    <BODY >

    <p>

    <TABLE bgcolor='white'width='800'align='center'class='maintable'> <TR>

    <TD colspan=''width=''height='100'bgcolor=''align=''> <IMG SRC="../../images1/banner.png" WIDTH="800"

    HEIGHT="100" BORDER="0" ALT="">

    </TD>

    </TR>

    <TR>

    <TD height='' width='' valign='top'>

    <h2><center>There are 3 courses already planned</center></h2>

    <h2><center>Planned courses</center></h2>

    <table width="100%" border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="2" align="center">

    <tr>

    <th>Course_Code</th> <th>Course title</th> <th>Nber of Students</th> <th>Teacher_ID</th> <th>Trimester</th>

    <th>Starting date</th>

    <th>Ending date</th>

    <th>Hours</th>

    <th>Practice Hrs/student</th>

    </tr>

    <tr>

    <td>68</td> <td>calcul</td>

    <td>45</td> <td>46</td> <td>First Trimester</td>

    <td>01/13/2004</td>

    <td>01/14/2004</td>

    <td>14</td>
    <td>10</td>

    </tr><tr>

    <td>69</td> <td>STE</td> <td>45</td> <td>47</td> <td>Third Trimester</td>

    <td>01/22/2004</td>

    <td>01/22/2004</td>

    <td>20</td> <td>5</td>

    </tr><tr>

    <td>70</td> <td>Kinyarwanda</td>

    <td>45</td> <td>46</td> <td>Second Trimester</td>

    <td>01/20/2010</td>

    <td>01/29/2010</td>

    <td>20</td>
    <td>10</td>

    </tr>

    <tr>

    <td colspan='9'>Total:3 Courses</td>

    </tr>

    </table><h4><center><a href='../../Administrator/administrator.php'> Back</a> | <a href='addcourse.php'> Add new course</a> | <a href ='ListUpdate.php'>Edit Courses or Delete Courses</a></center></h4>

    </TD>

    </TR>

    <TR>

    <TD colspan='' bgcolor='#094809' valign='top'><font color="#ffffff"><marquee bgcolor='' width=100% height=40 direction=left>KIS, INGANZO Y'URUBYIRUKO</marquee></font>

    XI

    <center>Copyright (c) KIS Last update 28 June,2010</center>

    </TD>

    </TR>

    </TABLE>

    </p>

    </BODY>

    </HTML>

    <?

    session_start();

    if(!session_is_registered('username'))

    {

    header("location:administrator.php");

    }

    ?>

    <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN">

    <HTML>

    <HEAD>

    <TITLE> SMS :: STUDENTS </TITLE>

    <META NAME="Generator" CONTENT="EditPlus">

    <META NAME="Author" CONTENT="">

    <META NAME="Keywords" CONTENT="">

    <META NAME="Description" CONTENT="">

    <link rel="stylesheet" media="screen" type="text/css" title="Essai" href="lecturer.css" />

    </HEAD>

    <BODY bgcolor='#e7fff3'>

    <p>

    <TABLE bgcolor='white'height=''width='800'align='center'class='maintable'> <TR>

    <TD colspan='2'width=''height='100'bgcolor=''align=''>

    <IMG SRC="../images1/banner.png" WIDTH="800" HEIGHT="100" BORDER="0" ALT="">

    </TR>

    <TR>

    <TD width='200'bgcolor='white'valign='top'><script LANGUAGE="JavaScript" topmargin="0">

    <! Begin of calender

    >

    monthnames = new Array(

    "January",

    "Februrary",

    "March",

    "April", "May", "June", "July", "August",

    "September",

    "October",

    "November",

    "Decemeber");

    var linkcount=0;

    function addlink(month, day, href) {

    var entry = new Array(3);

    entry[0] = month;

    entry[1] = day;

    entry[2] = href;

    this[linkcount++] = entry;

    }

    Array.prototype.addlink = addlink;

    linkdays = new Array();

    monthdays = new Array(12);

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    thisday=todayDate.getDay(); thismonth=todayDate.getMonth(); thisdate=todayDate.getDate(); thisyear=todayDate.getYear();

    thisyear = thisyear % 100;

    thisyear = ((thisyear < 50) ? (2000 + thisyear) : (1900 +

    thisyear));

    if (((thisyear % 4 == 0)

    && !(thisyear % 100 == 0))

    ||(thisyear % 400 == 0)) monthdays[1]++; startspaces=thisdate;

    while (startspaces > 7) startspaces-=7;

    startspaces = thisday - startspaces + 1;

    if (startspaces < 0) startspaces+=7; document.write("<table border=0 bgcolor=#99cccc

    width='200'");

    document.write("bordercolor=black><font

    color=black>");

    document.write("<tr><td colspan=7><center><strong>" + monthnames[thismonth] + " " + thisyear

    + "</strong></center></font></td></tr>"); document.write("<tr>");

    document.write("<td align=center>Su</td>"); document.write("<td align=center>M</td>"); document.write("<td align=center>Tu</td>"); document.write("<td align=center>W</td>"); document.write("<td align=center>Th</td>"); document.write("<td align=center>F</td>");

    document.write("<td align=center>Sa</td>"); document.write("</tr>");

    document.write("<tr>");

    for (s=0;s<startspaces;s++) {

    document.write("<td> </td>");

    } count=1;

    while (count <= monthdays[thismonth]) {

    for (b = startspaces;b<7;b++) {

    linktrue=false;

    document.write("<td>");

    for (c=0;c<linkdays.length;c++) {

    if (linkdays[c] != null) {

    if ((linkdays[c][0]==thismonth + 1) &&

    (linkdays[c][1]==count)) {

    document.write("<a href=\"" + linkdays[c][2] + "\">"); linktrue=true;

    }

    }

    }

    if (count==thisdate) {

    document.write("<font color='FF0000'><strong>");

    }

    if (count <= monthdays[thismonth]) { document.write(count);

    }

    else {

    document.write(" ");

    }

    if (count==thisdate) { document.write("</strong></font>");

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    if (linktrue)

    document.write("</a>");

    document.write("</td>");

    count++;

    } document.write("</tr>");

    document.write("<tr>");

    startspaces=0;

    } document.write("</table></p>");

    </script>

    <! End

    >

    <TABLE>

    <TR>

    <TD ><IMG

    SRC="../images1/work.png" WIDTH="200" HEIGHT="200" BORDER="0" ALT=""></TD>

    </TR>

    </TABLE>

    </TD>

    XIV

    <h2><center>There are 1 Students

    registered</center></h2>

    <h2><center>Students</center></h2>

    <table width="70%" border="1" cellpadding="2"

    cellspacing="2" align="center">

    <tr> <th>Student_Id</th>

    <th>Firstname</th>

    <th>Lastname</th>

    <th>Parent</th>

    <th>Class</th>

    <th>Option</th>

    </tr> <tr> <td>1</td>

    <td>Papy</td>

    <td>Papillon</td>

    <td>Hero</td>

    <td>1st Year</td>

    <td>Primary</td>

    </tr> <tr> <td colspan='8'>Total :1 Students</td>

    </tr>

    </table><h4><center><a href='../administrator/administrator.php'> Back </a> || <a href='insertstudent.php'> Register new Student</a> || <a href ='ListUpdate.php'>Edit or Delete student</a> </center></h4>

    </TD>

    </TR>

    <TR>

    <TD height='80'colspan='2' bgcolor='#094809' valign='top'><font color="#ffffff"><marquee bgcolor='' width=100% height=40 direction=left>KIS, INGANZO Y'URUBYIRUKO</marquee></font

    <center>Copyright (c) KIS last, update 28 June,2010</center>

    </TD>

    </TR>

    </TABLE>

    </p>

    </BODY>
    </HTML>