Development of a computerized provider order entry system for laboratory
par Gérard Bisama Mutshipayi
University of Ghana - Master of Science (MSc) 2015
SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH
COLLEGE OF HEALTH SCIENCES
UNIVERSITY OF GHANA, LEGON
DEVELOPMENTOF A COMPUTERIZED PROVIDER ORDER ENTRY SYSTEM FOR LABORATORY
GERARD BISAMA MUTSHIPAYI
A PROJECT WORK SUBMITTED TO
THE SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, COLLEGE OF HEALTH SCIENCES, UNIVERSITY OF GHANA, LEGON, IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENT FOR THE AWARD OF MASTER OF HEALTH INFORMATICS
I Gérard Bisama Mutshipayi the author of this dissertation, do hereby declare that with the exception of references to the literature and works of other researchers which have been duly cited the work in this dissertation is the result of my original work.
Gérard Bisama Mutshipayi ........................................
Date: ......................... Date: ...........
For my family, the reason I wrote this dissertation and the raison I was able to. Francine Kukamba Kawesi, my lovely wife and Ethan Mutshipayi Bisama, my son. My parents Alphonse Mutshipayi and Josée Bakafua, I can barely find the words to express all the wisdom and support you have given me.
This work is dedicated to you.
I am very grateful to all individuals and groups who contributed to making this study a successful one.
First and foremost, all my thanks to God. You have given me the strength to believe in my passion and pursue my dreams. I could never have done this without the faith I have in you, the Almighty.
A special thanks to my supervisor Mr. Seth K. Afagbedzi, for his guidance, assistance and counsel. Without his continuous support and assistance it would not have been possible to finish this dissertation.I also thank all lecturers for the knowledge imparted to me.
Thanks to all MHI course mates for their contribution and advices.
I would like to thank all my friends, especially Mary Anita Quist, for her support in the academic work.Thanks to Patrick Tshibangu, my friend, roommate and compatriot for listening, offering me advices.
Finally, we are extend our most sincere gratitude to the BEBUC (Bourse d'Excellence Bringmannaux Universités Congolaise) scholarship program and The Holger-Poehlmann-Foundation for supporting this master program financially and morally, particular thanks to Prof. Gerhard Bringmann and Prof. Mudugo Virima respectively the president and the vice-president of BEBUC. To all members of the BEBUC panel I express also my gratitude.
The laboratory services play important role in health care provision since it provides clinicians and other health care professional information that will help them to detect disease and to confirm or reject the diagnostics. (McPherson & Matthew R. Pincus, 2011). Managing the follow up of radiological as well as diagnostics test is a complex process since it requires information exchange between different health care practitioners across different services within the health facilities. (Callen, Georgiou, Li, & Westbrook, 2011). Error in the management of laboratory result can carries a risk of harm of patient life and these errors are more present to the pre and post-analytical steps of the total testing process then during the chemical analytical phases inside the laboratory. (Plebani, 2009)
In this study, we havedevelopeda Computerized Provider Order Entry (CPOE) systemto capture and shared laboratory data of the patient across clinical services in the district hospital by the automation of the main pre and post analytical process that are main source of errors. We have focused a particular attention of the modelling of the workflow to identify business process that involve communication between different services and the laboratory. Through the analysis of business process we have identify the main actors and describe the system requirements. A particular attention has been paid to improve patient communication in the proposed workflow.
The system was designed using C# programming language over .Net Framework 4.0 and PostgresSQL to capture patient and laboratory order data from the Out-patient department to patient assignment in clinical services. The result of lab test also has been captured andShort Message Service (SMS) and email notification features have been integrated to send information to both patient and clinician where the lab result was available.
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