The Democratic Process in the DRC.
par Bobo BONG-E-BONE
Wits University - Licence en science politique 2006
The second election is normally organized, according article 71 of the new Congolese's constitution which saying: `the president of the Republic is elected by an absolute majority of votes. If a leader is not chosen after the first round of elections, there must be a waiting period of 15 days until a second election can take place. Only the two candidates who received the most votes in the first election can proceed to the second round. In case of death or withdrawal of either candidate, they will be presented in the order of their standing based on the results of the first election. Whoever is declared as winner of the first presidential elections will receive the majority of votes'.
In practice, the Independent Electoral Commission is the first by violating the constitution because the second round didn't take place fifteen days after the results for first round has been proclaimed by the High Court. How we can build a democratic state by starting violating the constitution?
This second round of presidential election to end fragile political transition period took place on 29 October 2006, opposing Jean-Pierre Bemba and Kabila, which is considered as a Community International candidate, still characterized by many irregularities, according to Eve Bazaiba, a spokesperson for the main political coalition supporting Bemba. She said the votes for candidate were systematically decreased, while those of his opponent were increased, she denouncing what she called `cheating' by the electoral commission which never been independent.
Bazaiba also said partial results published currently by the commission so far included more results from the east, where Kabila has political support, and less from the west where Bemba is more popular, giving the impression that Bemba is far behind. This creates an imbalance and creates tensions within the population. Results released Monday from the October 29 showed Kabila well ahead with more than 60 percent of the vote. The results were based on a tally of 1, 8 million ballots out of 25 million registered voters in many provinces across the country. But for my own opinion, I sharing the political view from UDPS which has already believe that this electoral process is just a `masquerade' when other knows before the winner.