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Design of a geographic information supported database for the management of pressurised irrigation systems at the plantation du Haut Penja, Cameroon

( Télécharger le fichier original )
par Chick Herman AZAH
University of Dschang - Agric engineer 2009
  

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FACULTY OF
AGRONOMY AND
AGRICULTURAL

DEPARTMENT OF
AGRICULTURAL
ENGINEERING

 

FACULTE
D`AGRONOMIE
ET DES SCIENCES
AGRICOLES

DEPARTEMENT DE
GENIE RURAL

DESIGN OF A GEOGRAPHIC INFROMATION
SUPPORTED DATABASE FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF
PRESSURIZED IRRIGATION SYSTEMS AT THE
«PLANTATION DU HAUT PENJA» (PHP), NJOMBE
(CAMEROON)

By

CHICK Herman AZAH

Registration N°: 04A012
Major: Agricultural Engineering

Thesis presented in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of the «Ingénieur
Agronome» Diploma

CO-SUPERVISOR:
Mr. Njila Roger, MSc
Assistant Lecturer, Dep`t of
Agric. Engineering

FACULTY OF
AGRONOMY AND
AGRICULTURAL
SCIENCES

DEPARTMENT OF
AGRICULTURAL
ENGINEERING

 

FACULTE
D`AGRONOMIE
ET DES SCIENCES
AGRICOLES

DEPARTEMENT DE
GENIE RURAL

DESIGN OF A GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION
SUPPORTED DATABASE FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF
PRESSURIZED IRRIGATION SYSTEMS AT THE
«PLANTATION DU HAUT PENJA» (PHP), NJOMBE
(CAMEROON)

By

CHICK Herman AZAH

Thesis presented in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award oi lIKE ,« gpnilAr
SRRnRPH El iSCRPa

ACADEMIC SUPERVISOR: Prof. Mathias Fru Fonteh, PhD

Associate Professor, Dep`t of

Agric. Engineering

FIELD SUPERVISOR:
Mr. Boa Appolinaire, Eng
Irrigation Department,
PHP Njombé

CERTIFICATION OF ORIGINALITY OF THE WORK

This is to testify that, the work in this thesis was carried out by CHICK Herman AZAH at the Plantation du Haut Penja (PHP) under the field supervision of Mr. Boa Appolinnaire and academic supervision of Prof. FONTEH Mathias Fru and Mr. Njila Roger. The work is original and has not been presented for the acquisition of a university degree or diploma elsewhere.

Names and Signatures of supervisors Name and Signature of author

Prof. FONTEH Mathias Fru CHICK Herman AZAH

Date: Date:

Mr. NJILA Roger

Date:

CERTIFICATION OF CORRECTION OF THESIS

This thesis has been revised and corrected in conformity to the modifications suggested by the examination panel of

Signature of Supervisor Signature of Candidate

Date Date

Signature of Member of Jury Signature of Member of Jury

Date Date

Signature of Member of Jury Signature of President of Jury

Date Date

Signature of Head of Department

Date

ABSTRACT

Most of the data related to irrigation systems can now be characterized geographically. A study geared towards the creation of a geographic information supported database for the management of pressurized irrigation systems was carried out at the Plantation du Haut Penja?. The irrigation system of this group is becoming very complex and diversified due to the increase in the number of hectares of banana cultivated each year. The putting in place of new systems, management and monitoring of this system is thus subjected to several constraints. The specific objectives of the study were to: develop a database for rapid access and orderly storage of information regarding the irrigation system; develop thematic layers for the GIS, evaluate the water requirements in each plot; evaluate the functioning of the networks and to spatially represent some aspects of the irrigation system. The database on the irrigation system was created using Microsoft Access 2003 while the various layers of the GIS were created using MapInfo 8.0 software. An Object Database Connection (ODBC) was created between the MS Access database and the MapInfo GIS to carry out multiple queries on the irrigation system and spatially represent some aspects of the irrigation system. A total of 35 tables, 10 forms and 17 queries were created for the database to enhance data entry and retrieval. The probability of satisfaction of crop water requirements for a 20 years climatic data was calculated. The crop water requirement for an effective root depth of 50 cm was 40 mm/week for the satisfaction of the crop water requirements 1 out of 20 years. Depending on the crop evapotranspiration and effective rainfall of the previous day, the crop water requirements will be adjusted in the database. Thematic layers for the GIS such as the crop varieties, spatial arrangement of the crops, soil types, type of irrigation system, plot of valves and others were created in the database. Some of these thematic layers were represented spatially using MapInfo 8.0 to demonstrate the use of the GIS when coupled to the database. Analysis of the flow rates, pressures, flow velocities and other hydraulic properties of the network showed these to be within the limits of hydraulic flow in pipes. This indicates that more emphasis should be laid on monitoring and management of this system; hence, the necessity of the GIS database developed in this study in order to ameliorate the management of this system.

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