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Impact of children recruitment in armed group, case of North Kivu province


par Julien Shemitima
UNIGOM - Licence 2011
  

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CONCLUSION.

With this reflection, we have seen that children are recruited and used by both armed group, including FARDC in North Kivu Province .There are many and various consequences of recruitment and use of children. Children are being killed, they are also be maiming. Usually girls are used as sexual slaves.

Different reports of United Nations about the situation of children in armed conflict in North Kivu Province of DRC reveal great violations of children rights committed by armed group. In the last report number S/2020/1030 du 19 October 2020, the total number of violations includes 4,639 children who had been recruited before 2018 but were used by armed group until their separation during the reporting period.

Surely, as long as, this phenomena of armed group will continue to remain in our Province, then recruitment of children will be also the evidence. That why the great solution which could be considered by Congolese Government is to pacify the East area of DRC.

According to this truth, this peace is obtained not only by fight or by the way of war, but also by dialog between all the parties. There is no importance of dialogue if parties will not be able to respect resolutions taken by themselves.

Unfortunately, it's curious to find that both Government doesn't develop and support correctly program of demobilization and formation of ex-rebellious in the Transit's Center of Beni. The ex-rebellions are sometimes renounced without any assistance.

Even, armed groups operated in Noth Kivu don't develop and respect the action plan to make end to recruitment and use of children by them.

Reiterating the primary role of national Governments in providing effective protection and relief to all children affected by armed conflicts. The resolution 1612 states the primary responsibility of the Security Council of United Nations for the maintenance of international peace and security and, in this connection, its commitment to address the impact of armed conflict on children.

Finally, it more important for Congolese Government to develop specific program of reintegration children in civilian life. DRC Government could end impunity and by prosecuting

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all responsible for genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and other egregious crimes perpetrated against children.

For accomplishing that mission, the partner of DRC Government, for instance the section of child protection of Monusco , each in their domain of competences ,have to get involved so as to help the children affected by armed conflicts to join their families and receive professional trainings ,or resume school activities so as to generate incomes for family progress.

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ANNEXES

Annexe 1: Presentation

Ladies and gentlemen good morning / good afternoon !

Julien SHEMITIMA is a first level student speaking to you now.

We are all seeking peace in this country, but I wonder if everyone here knows what is happening in BENI, MASISI, RUTHSURU ,and so on. What I know is that here is insecurity which is caused by armed groups. Armed groups have followers made of kids and adults.

This is too sensitive for a child growing without a basic education. That is why it is a great opportunity for me to share with you a topic on

»IMPACT OF CHILDREN RECRUITMENT IN ARMED GROUPS, CASE OF NORTH-KIVU
PROVINCE»

In fact, recruitment and use of children include acts of voluntary or

forced enrollment in any armed group.

The use of children is the use of minors in any capacity as fighters, cooks, porters, messengers, sexual slaves, human, shield or spies.

This impact negatively our society because those children grow up without both basic education and school knowledge.

But also some families run away from targeted villages to safe ones_since parents are fearing for their kids to be kidnapped. This situation does not allow the progress of develpment in conflict zones.

Dear all, as we don'tt expect to be perfect, any comment or question is the most welcome.

Thank you.

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