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Surviying natural ressources "economics aspects"

( Télécharger le fichier original )
par Joseph KYAKIMWA MULERE
ISC - Master en gestion et planification des projets d'investissement 2010
  

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DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO

MINISTRY OF HIGHER AND UNIVERSITY EDUCATION

NATIONAL PEDAGOGICAL UNIVERSITY

ECOLE DOCTORALE

SURVIYING NATURAL RESOURCES.

Economic Aspect

Joseph KYAKIMWA MULERE

Academic Year 2009-2010

Remerciements

Nous remercions le Professeur NDOMBA qui nous a incité à cette recherche ;

Nous remercions également les autorités de l'UPN KINSHASA pour cette occasion de formation offerte à la crème scientifique du Nord Kivu longtemps oubliée ;

A tous ceux qui soutiennent et soutiendront l'initiative de la formation au troisième cycle, nous adressons nos remerciements anticipés.

Nous remercions le professeur Jacques ZAHIGA Chef du département de Gestion et qui nous soutien par sa présence scientifique dans nos recherches.

Joseph KYAKIMWA MULERE

I. INTRODUCTION

Economic sciences aim to study the administration of rare resources i.e. they deal with rational distribution of economic resources so as to cater for human unlimited needs. In agreement with what precedes, Samuelson and nordhaus (...p.4) say that economics is the study of the way societies use rare resources in order to produce worthy goods and redistribute them among individuals.

Among the various resources at the disposal of the «homoeconomicus" we can mention natural resources. We may even say that natural resources are the primary economic resources from which secondary resources emerge. Whether they are natural, primary, secondary or ultra secondary, economic resources are rare. Economic theories have adopted the concepts" scarcity" and «efficiency" as the two twin themes of economics.

Natural resources theory is the sit of reflections related to economic that consists explaining which behavior economic agents need to display for an efficient distribution of those very resources, some of which are renewable while others may he exhausted. This theme interests not only economists but also geologists, ecologists, chemists, and so on.

- In the framework of the English work seminar in the 3rd cycle, applied economic sciences departments, we have been asked to deal thoroughly with a topic related to our study field. We have therefore chosen to deal with the economic feature of natural resources. This survey will cover the following points:

- Overview of literature on natural resources and a definition of the latter resources.

- He world wide situation of natural resources

- Current situation of natural resources in Africa

- Analysis of the situation of natural resources in the DRC in general

and North-Kivu in particular.

II THE NATURAL RESOURCES CONCEPTS

Human life was in keeping with a natural environment provided by the creator.

Indeed, the bible and other religious scriptures unanimously show that from the first creation day up to the creator set himself prepare a material or physical, atmospheric environment for man, his last creature.

The natural resources that God created were of various types, some are accessible while others and not, namely:

- atmospherics, spheres, hemisphercs and stratosphercs

- water, light, the earth

- fishes, animals, birds, insects, and vegetation

From those various biospheres, life, natural resources were transformed and mining products, fuels, petrol, forests, savannas, etc. appeared.

In the economic field, natural resources are goods that are accessible to man and for which he pays a cost in order to enjoy them. According to Walter Meigs, Robert Meigs and Daniel MC Mahon, some natural resources consist of mining, Oil, Gaz and forest products and are exhaustible.

Other authors consider the economic goods called natural resources to be reproducible.

The economist's concern is different from that of the geologist or that of the chemist. For the economist the concern is to know how much it will cost to access to such natural resources, how to maximize their worth taking into account the law demand and supply.

A number of theorists have dealt with the natural resources problematics and their thoughts can le read through the ad hoc economic literature paper.

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