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From unplanned settlement to new housing development in Kigali city: the case study of Amahoro cell, Muhima sector

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par John MUGISHA
National University of Rwanda - Bachelor's degree 2011

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4.2.2 Physical and social infrastructure

According to the urban, financial and organizational audit of Nyarugenge district by the ministry of infrastructure, Muhima sector where Amahoro cell is found has 52 Ha of surface area that was settled spontaneously, with a population of 8765 living in this spontaneous settlement (MININFRA, 2009). Muhima sector has a housing density of 120 houses per Ha. But in some cells such as Amahoro (the case study), Nyabugogo and former Ubumwe informal residential area the housing density is higher. Amahoro cell has one paved road crossing the cell from Kacyiru in Gasabo district to the city centre, another one crossing it along the wetland from Kimicanga through Ubumwe cell to Nyabugogo (figure 6) and 3 other unpaved roads feeding different villages of the cell.

Figure 5: Orthophoto showing roads crossing Amahoro cell

Source: Rwanda Natural Resources Authority

Amahoro cell has one hospital (Muhima hospital), five churches and no public water collection. People fetch water from poor sanitary sources such as wetlands (photo4).

Photograph 4: Source of water in Amahoro cell

Source: Author, 2011

The above photograph shows the common place near the wetland where households without piped water supply in their homes fetch. Water fetched here is not pure since comes from an open source and it becomes worse especially when it rains.

The drainage system in Amahoro cell is not well constructed. Most of the gutters channeling rain water and sewage from households are exposed and gradually expand attacking nearby buildings (photo 5). These gutters (Ruhurura) have bad odor which affects people close to them and worse enough they drain in the wetland affecting the ecosystem.

Photograph 5: State of the drainage system

Source: Author, 2011

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