From unplanned settlement to new housing development in Kigali city: the case study of Amahoro cell, Muhima sector
par John MUGISHA
National University of Rwanda - Bachelor's degree 2011
As UN-Habitat stipulates, 46% of the African population lived in slums/informal settlements where poverty, overcrowding, unemployment, crime and pollution are prevalent (ECA and UN-Habitat, 2008). This is a big challenge not only to the governments and their partners, but also for researchers to offer their contribution in revealing areas that need immediate intervention and recommending sustainable remedies to respond to ever-increasing housing needs.
With reference to Kigali city, the city council in collaboration with the government has established policies and laws to streamline urban housing and informal settlement upgrading. These include urban housing policy, land tenure reform policy, land law and Kigali master plan. The implementation of these policies, laws and other regulations in place faces a lot of challenges due to a significant number of informal quarters in Kigali city. This has attracted attention of the researcher and encouraged him to carry out a study in one of the informal settlement quarters in Kigali city to assess the impact of the transition from informal housing to formalized housing.
In addition, this research was conducted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for a bachelor's degree of science in geography at the national university of Rwanda.
1. There are challenges in implementing rules and regulations related to housing especially at grass root level in Kigali city.
2. Residents in informal settlement are inappropriately expropriated which results in creation of new informal settlements in the neighborhoods/peripheries of Kigali city.
The overall objective of this research was to assess the challenges in the transition from unplanned settlements to new housing development in Kigali city.
Specific objectives and research questions