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From unplanned settlement to new housing development in Kigali city: the case study of Amahoro cell, Muhima sector

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par John MUGISHA
National University of Rwanda - Bachelor's degree 2011

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2.4 Research interest and motivation

As UN-Habitat stipulates, 46% of the African population lived in slums/informal settlements where poverty, overcrowding, unemployment, crime and pollution are prevalent (ECA and UN-Habitat, 2008). This is a big challenge not only to the governments and their partners, but also for researchers to offer their contribution in revealing areas that need immediate intervention and recommending sustainable remedies to respond to ever-increasing housing needs.

With reference to Kigali city, the city council in collaboration with the government has established policies and laws to streamline urban housing and informal settlement upgrading. These include urban housing policy, land tenure reform policy, land law and Kigali master plan. The implementation of these policies, laws and other regulations in place faces a lot of challenges due to a significant number of informal quarters in Kigali city. This has attracted attention of the researcher and encouraged him to carry out a study in one of the informal settlement quarters in Kigali city to assess the impact of the transition from informal housing to formalized housing.

In addition, this research was conducted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for a bachelor's degree of science in geography at the national university of Rwanda.

2.5 Research hypotheses

1. There are challenges in implementing rules and regulations related to housing especially at grass root level in Kigali city.

2. Residents in informal settlement are inappropriately expropriated which results in creation of new informal settlements in the neighborhoods/peripheries of Kigali city.

2.6 Research objectives

General objective

The overall objective of this research was to assess the challenges in the transition from unplanned settlements to new housing development in Kigali city.

Specific objectives and research questions

Specific objectives

Research questions

Highlight the existing situation and new trends of housing in Kigali.

1. How is informal housing defined in Kigali city?

2. How is the housing status in Amahoro cell in Muhima sector?

3. What is planned for Amahoro cell according to Kigali conceptual master plan?

4. What does the government plan for the poor residents in informal houses in Amahoro cell?

Analyze residents' perception on new housing development strategies in Kigali city.

1. How do people in informal houses perceive housing development in Kigali city?

2. How do people in informal houses conform to the new building requirements in Kigali city especially in their cell?

Discuss policies, rules and regulation standards that control housing in Kigali city.

1. What are the policies, rules and regulations that control housing in Kigali city?

2. What are the strategies used to implement housing policies, rules and regulations in Kigali city?

Analyze the impact of implementing new housing development policies on unplanned settlement dwellers in Kigali city.

1. What are the positive and negative impacts that result from the implementation of new housing development policies on unplanned settlement dwellers in Amahoro cell?

2. What does the leadership of Kigali city do or plan to do in order to overcome the negative impacts?

3. What are the recommendations towards better and socially inclusive housing in Kigali city?

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