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Les représentations du "devoir de mémoire" en contexte de démocratie plurielle: analyse de discours des leaders afro-descendants du Québec

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par Brice Armand Davakan
Université du Québec à Montréal - Maîtrise 2005
  

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First of all), I'd like to ask you some personal questions. This information will help us construct the profile of the leader we interview.

7. Sex

Female

Male

8. What is your age bracket?

under 24

25 to 34

35 to 44

45 to 54

OVER 55

Answer refusal

9. Were you born in Canada?

Yes

No ....................................

Answer refusal

10. Are you a Canadian citizen?

Yes Answer refusal

Other citizenship?.............................. ........................

11. What is your main language at home?

French

English

Other ................................................

Answer refusal

12. What is your professional field and what level of study did you complete in that field?

.................................

None

Secondary school

High school

Bachelor degree

Master's degree

Doctoral degree

Other

7. Do you belong to a religious group? Which one?

Answer refusal

..........................................

Sous-section 2: Cheminement de la personne interrogée

Objet de la section : Dégager l'histoire et le cheminement du leader à l'intérieur ou à l'extérieur de sa communauté.

We will now go on to some questions about your involvement within or outside your community. This information will allow us to understand your personal journey.

8. What kind of role have you played up until now in your community?

Answer refusal

Details::............... ................................................

9. How long does your commitment to a project in your community usually last?

more than 15 years ago

from 11 to 15

from 6 to 10

from 1 to 5

less than one year

Refus de répondre

Ne s'applique pas

10. What event decided you to become involved in, your association or community?

Answer refusal

Details:...............

11. Are you involved now in other movements, organisations or political parties?

Yes

No

Answer refusal

Please give us some details about this group--is it based in your country of birth (if that is not in Canada), or is it a Canadian group, local, provincial or federal?

..................

12. Where would you pace yourself politically : on the left or right? conservative or progressive ? anti-globalization or pro-globalization?

Details:

...............................................................

14. Please describe how your association works, and how it gets its funding.

Answer refusal

Details:

............................................................

Section 2:

IDENTITÉ REVENDIQUÉE

Objectif de cette section: Définir l'espace identitaire auquel le leader se réfère et pour lequel il s'implique socialement.

Let's move on to the questions about group identity; and by that, I mean the women and the men that your social commitment should favour in Quebec.

15. Are you acting for the benefit of a particular group or community in Quebec?

Answer refusal

How would you describe that group or community?

...........................

16. Are you linked with some other African or Afro-descendant group or community?

Answer refusal

Details:

......

17. In your opinion, is there a particular case of collective action that should involve Africans and Afro-descendants living in Quebec or Montreal?

Yes

No

Answer refusal

Details:

......

18. Africans and Afro-descendants living in Montreal use different terms to describe themselves, such as Haitian, Jamaican, Senegalese, African, Caribbean, Haitian-Quebecer, Canadian-Jamaican, African-Canadian, Black, Canadian Black, etc. In your personal case, or in the case of your community (if different), how do you identify yourself?

Answer refusal

Why do you identify yourself in this way?

......

19. How would you describe the social and political situation of Africans and Afro-descendants living in Quebec today?

.........

Section 3:

LE « DEVOIR DE MÉMOIRE » AU SEIN DES COMMUNAUTÉS

Objectif de la section: Déterminer la conception qu'a le leader de la « mémoire collective », notamment celle qui touche à l'esclavage des populations africaines et à la colonisation des africains et Afro-descendants, ainsi que des problèmes liés à la transmission de cette mémoire.(note: le terme histoire et préféré ici à mémoire, non pas comme substitut, mais pour garder l'avantage de l'objectivité, qu'il a sur la notion de mémoire, notion nécessairement « subjectivante »).

This third section is about the historical journey of African and Afro descendant people...

20. Do you feel you have a relationship to a history that is different from the overall history of Quebec, where you live?

Yes No

Answer refusal

Why or why not?:

21. Is it very important that your successors or descendants should preserve the memory of that history?

Yes No

Answer refusal

Why and by what means?:

..................

22. In your opinion, are there any obstacles or difficulties that hinder the transmission of your history (or memory) to those successors or descendants? if so, what are those obstacles or difficulties and why do they exist ?

Yes No

Answer refusal

Don't know

Section 4:

LA REVENDICATION DE MÉMOIRE ET LA POLITIQUE.

Objectif de cette section: Comprendre comment le leader envisage la prise en compte de la mémoire collective sur la scène politique, et comment la pluralité des « revendications de mémoire » peut-être gérée.

The fourth section of this interview is about the process of claiming your history or the « duty of remembrance».

23. Did your association, community or yourself participate in the Conference Durban?

Yes No

Answer refusal

If so, with what support (federal, provincial, etc. financial support ), and in what way did you participate ?:

If not, can you explain why not?

24. In your opinion, what has been the impact of the Durban Conference on the discussions within your community or association?

Doesn't know

Details..................

25. What is your opinion (or that of your association ) about the Conference in Durban, South Africa?

Doesn't know

Answer refusal

Details...............

26. Alone, or through your community, have you ever initiated any action to request official acknowledgement of any specific facts from the history of your community in Quebec?

Answer refusal

Why and how did you proceed?

................................................................

27. What is your opinion (or that of your community ) about the issue of reparation to African and Afro-descendant minorities?

Answer refusal

........................

28. In your opinion, does all of Quebec society have a «duty of remembrance» to Africans, or to Afro-descendants, or to both?

Yes

No

Answer refusal

Why?:

..................

29. In your opinion, how should memory claims be managed in political terms in Quebec?

Answer refusal

Don't know

Answer: ..................

30. Do you consider that the strategies and actions undertaken by your community or association have had an impact at the local, provincial, federal or international levels?

Yes No

Answer refusal

Please describe those changes:

.......................................

Section 5:

EN GUISE DE CONCLUSION

Objectif de la section: Prendre en compte les préoccupations du leader qui ne sont pas abordées dans cette recherche, dans le cadre des trois thèmes abordés.

This section is reserved for you to talk about any aspects of this issue which are important to you...

31. Are there any aspects of Identity, collective memory, or the «duty of remembrance» that you would like to talk more about?

Yes

No

If yes, can you explain why that aspect is important to you?

...........................

32. An finally, how do you foresee the future of Africans and Afro-descendants in Quebec? Are you personally pessimistic or optimistic?

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