The impact of women entrepreneurs on economic development of Rwanda - Case study of women entrepreneur in expo 2010 organized by Rwanda private sector federation.
par Pacifique HIRWA
Universite Nationale du Rwanda - A0 2010
NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF RWANDA FACULTY OF ECONOMICS AND MANAGEMENT
DEPARTMENT OF APPLIED STATISTICS
ACADEMIC YEAR: 2010
To Almighty GOD,
For your immeasurable help, mercy and grace,
This dissertation is dedicated.
I, HIRWA Pacifique, a student at the National University of Rwanda, Faculty of Economics and Management (FEM), Department of Applied Statistics (DAS), hereby declare that this dissertation entitled «The impact of women entrepreneurs on economic development of Rwanda a case study of Expo 2010 at Rwanda Private sector federation Gikondo from26th/08 to 8th/9/2010» is my own work and it has not been submitted anywhere for the award of any degree.
Name of the student: HIRWA Pacifique
The following work is not only an individual work .I could never have accomplished it without help, support, guidance and efforts of a lot of people to whom I owe my thanks. I would like to gratefully and sincerely thank all individuals who helped me during my education career. Here I want to mention my beloved foster mother MUKABASHIMA Agnes for her advices, financial support, encouragement, moral support, my family member especially my brother BYIRINGIRO Jean Pierre, NSHIMIYIMANA Jean Pierre and all my family, friends all your advices, moral, love has contributed to successful accomplishment of this work.
I would like to thank my research supervisor Ms. NIWEMAHORO Celine for her immeasurable commitment, effort, positive criticisms and willingness to spare and given up her scarce time to help me acquire new skills in Statistics .I have to recognize that without her devotion and skills, this work would not have been done.
I also have great pleasure to thank the Faculty Management and economic especially applied statistics department's lecturers for their devotion and professionalism showed during my undergraduate studies.
It would be ungrateful to forget to thank all women entrepreneurs who agreed to answer my questionnaires, in Expo 2010 chosen for my study. Without their answers and recommendations, this work would have been meaningless.
I would also like to thank all those who have, in various ways, supported me during this work, and whose their names are not written here, that they find here the expression of my deep recognition.
I say God bless you all
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS iv
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS vii
LIST OF TABLES ix
LIST OF FIGURES x
LIST OF APPENDICES xi
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION 1
1.1. Background to the study 1
1.2 Statement of the problem 2
1.3 Objectives of the study 3
1.3.1 General objective 3
1.3.2 Specific objectives 3
1.4 Research hypotheses 4
1.5 Significance of the study 4
1.6 Methodology 4
1.6.1 Primary data 4
1.6.2 Secondary data 5
1.6.3 Data processing 5
1.6.4 Data analysis 5
1.7 Scope of the study 5
1.8 The Organization of the Study 6
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW 7
2.1. Introduction 7
2.2 Definitions of the concepts 7
2.2.1 Entrepreneurship 7
2.2.2 Entrepreneur 7
2.2.3 Historical background of Entrepreneurship 7
2.3 Women entrepreneurship 8
2.3.1 Women entrepreneurship in the global economy 8
2.3.2 Women entrepreneurship in Africa 9
2.3.3 Women entrepreneurship in Rwanda 11
2.4 Economic development 11
2.4.1 Definition 11
2.4.2 Women Entrepreneurship and economic development 12
CHAPTER THRE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 13
3.1. Introduction 13
3.2 Sources of data 13
3.2.1 Primary Data 13
3.2.2 Secondary Data 14
3.3 Sampling techniques 14
3.3.1 Area of study 14
3.3.2 Population 14
3.3.3 Sample size determination 14
3.4 Data processing 15
3.5 Data analysis 15
3.6 Limitation to the study 16
CHAPITER FOUR: DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF RESULTS 17
4.1. Introduction 17
4.2 Socio-economic characteristics of women entrepreneurs in EXPO 2010 17
4.2.1. Demographic characteristics of women entrepreneurs in EXPO 2010 18
4.2.2 Cross tabulation between business type and age of respondents, marital status,
education background 19
4.2.3 Reasons why women become entrepreneurs 21
4.2.4 Source of finance when they become entrepreneurs 22
4.3 Analysis of the contribution of women entrepreneurs on economic development of Rwanda
4.3.2 Contribution of women entrepreneurs to export development 24
4.3.3 Contribution of women entrepreneurs to local development 25
184.108.40.206 Improvements in lifestyle of women entrepreneurs after becoming entrepreneurs 27
220.127.116.11 Impact of the increase in family size on current monthly expenditures of women entrepreneurs 29
9Impact, le film from Onalukusu Luambo on Vimeo.
BOSKELYWOOD from Ona Luambo on Vimeo.