Impact of children recruitment in armed group, case of north kivu province
par Julien SHEMITIMA
UNIGOM - Licence 2011
«Statistics are primordial, but it's important to never forget that each child we report on has him own story.»
Dee Brillenburg Wurth
« Les statistiques sont primordiales mais il est important de ne jamais oublier que chaque enfant sur lequel nous établissons un rapport a son propre récit. »
Dee Brillenburg Wurth
Bids of law of armed conflict recognize that even the war has its borderline. Generally the war is prohibited. But people victims of injustice, aggression, grave violence and others violation of right can opted for the war as an ultimate way to recover their right.
It is said that rules of law concern all domain. So there is rules applicable in case of armed conflict. Those rules are imposable to all parties of conflict.
Faced with the extreme consequences of the war of the second universal war, Governments of all States members of United Nations adopted 4 (four) convention on 12nd days of August 1949 at Geneva (Suisse).
This conventions provide rules and methods of conduct of the war. For instance, the weapon, arm of massive destruction is prohibit; poisoning is also forbidden. People who don't participate at the conflict armed must be treat with dignity and humanity. Brief, warriors are not authorized to use any technical of war or to adopt any behavior.
The 4th convention is interested about the protection of civilian people during the period of armed conflict. Therefore, children are principal members in different categories of civilian population.
Generally, this convention provide rules which protect civilian people and properties (possessions) such as market, church, school, hospitals, and so on. The warriors or militaries should not attack those categories. Actually, the war must concern only military target.
It's known, children are very vulnerable in context of armed conflict. Warriors and military should respect child right.
This topic will try to present the reasons why children are recruited and use by the armed forces and armed group. As possible, we are going to present and analysis great violence which are being committed against children.
In our research, we are going to present some armed group which are identified as responsible of recruitment and use of children. At the end, we are going to provide the solution may be applicable; 2