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Impact of children recruitment in armed group, case of north kivu province

par Julien SHEMITIMA
UNIGOM - Licence 2011

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Firstly, it's important to know that there is two modality or sort of recruitment of children: voluntary and forced. Both of them constitute violation against children right.

Rules of law prohibit the recruitment and use of children by armed Group or force in the armed conflict. Because the place of children is in his family or at school.

Actually, there is a lot of negative impact of children recruitment. If some consequences are current, then others will produce effect in the future. So, some consequences concern child soldier himself and others are related to his community and relationship.


Many reports about armed group and armed conflict narrated bad treatment against children in North Kivu Province. According to testimonies of ex-child soldiers, members of armed Groups killed children, they enforced them to grievous and heavy work and they used them as human buckler in the first line of the war.

Children are also victim of maiming, rape, and torturing and psychology violence. Instead of going to school, they learnt by violence. They were also be restrained to kill their parents or other members of their family. Such children have facility to kill, to steal, to rape, to destroy and burn villages.

We cannot close this part without presenting some problems in the community which incur the risk of recruitment by armed group: Here they are :

- Stop of school activities ;

- Departure of people;

- The fear to work in the field and pasture.


Armed conflict disproportionately affects children. First victims of wars, many girls and boys are killed and maimed, recruited and used as child soldiers, are subjected to sexual violence, are subjected to kidnappings, and are denied access to aid humanitarian. They are also increasingly victims of attacks in schools and hospitals.

In the first party, we definite protection as an activity. Here we are going to present the approach of humanitarian Organization and United System. Protect children should be understood not only as to prevent him against violence but also to respond to violence by help with an assistance. Liberation or demobilization of children is an example of protection. Rules of law are the first instruments of protection. It?s very important to know what is provided by law or convention in each situation.

As we saw by introducing this theme, the resolution 1612 of Security Council of United Nations is the specific instrument which provide how all parties concern could protect children affect by the armed conflict.

Refer to this text, Child Protection Section of Monusco organize sensitization of armed group about the respect of child right in the period of armed conflict.

In 2017, a total of 2,630 children, including (571 and 2,089 boys, were separated from armed groups and militias in the DRC.

In North Kivu Province, most of the children were separated mainly from the armed groups Nyatura, RAIA Mutomboki, Mai Mai Mazembe, FDLR FOCA and NDC RENOVE. Among these separated children 1,031 including 128 girls and 923 boys were recruited and separated during the year 2017.

In 2018 The Nduma Defense of Congo-Rénové (NDC-Rénové) extended its control in the territories of Masisi and Rutshuru, which led to clashes with the APCL, the Nyatura and the FDLR, in which children took part in the fighting. An arrest war was issued in June 2019 against Guidon Shimiray, commander of the NDC-RENOVE, but this did not prevent the latter from continuing to fight and retaining control of large areas in the territories of


Walikale, Masisi and Rutshuru, which has been a constant threat against children. (Report number S/2020/1030 du 19 octobre 2020)

By virtue of Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1312 (2005) which call for the establishment of action plans accompanied by a dialogue that allows their implementation, the advisers and teams for the protection of children of children The United Nations mission is to establish links with all state and non-state armed actors involved in serious violations against children and enjoy the political leeway to do so.

Prevention of recruitment are provisions that would prohibit the recruitment and use of children in the armed force/ group would be one of the key components of the Action Plan. The primary role of national Governments in providing effective protection and relief to all children affected by armed conflicts ; that's mean the responsibilities of States to end impunity and to prosecute those responsible for genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and other egregious crimes perpetrated against children.

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