The role of SMEs in rwanda from 1995 to 2010
par Clotilde MUKAMUGANGA
National University of Rwanda - A0 2011
Rwanda is landlocked and small country located between the eastern and central Africa. It has a total area of 26,338 km2 of which 24950 km2 (94.7%) is made of land and 1,388km2 (5.3%) of water. Of the total land area, only 8,600 km2 (32.7%) are suitable for cultivation, about 94% of this population live in rural areas where their work is principally related to agriculture and animal husbandry (91.1%). Rwanda's primary sector occupies the largest part of the population; it represents 33% of GDP (2006).
It is mainly made of a subsistence agriculture that is mainly dependent on rainfall, making the production highly volatile across seasons. But still, the rural area is where poverty is lagging.
Now, it is understandable that small and medium enterprises contribute positively on rural development basing on that, this study will focus on whether these Rwandan enterprises have significant role on rural development especially on the population around the enterprise.
The study was set to identify the relationship between small and medium enterprises and rural development in Rwanda.
The general objective of the study is to find out whether small and medium enterprises contribute positively on rural development in Rwanda.
1. To study the nature and characteristics of small and medium enterprises in Rwanda.
2. To identify the role of small and medium enterprises in Rwanda.
3. To identify the relationship between small and medium enterprises and rural development in Rwanda.