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Case-law based analysis of contractual unpredictability under rwandan law

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par Octave NGENZI
National University of Rwanda - Bachelor of Law 2011
  

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NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF RWANDA

FACULTY OF LAW

P.O Box 117 BUTARE

CASE-LAW BASED ANALYSIS OF CONTRACTUAL UNPREDICTABILITY UNDER RWANDAN LAW

A dissertation written and presented in partial

fulfillment for the
requirement of the Award of a Bachelor's Degree in Law (LLB)

By: NGENZI Octave

Director: Me MBEMBE Binda Elvis and

Mr. SEBUCENSHA Leonard

Huye, October, 2011

i

DEDICATION

To my lovely mother and father and all my family members, this dissertation is dedicated.

ii

DECLARATION

I, Octave NGENZI, declare that the work presented in this memoire (dissertation) is original. To the best of my knowledge, information and belief, it has never been presented anywhere in the National University of Rwanda or in any other universities and various institutions. In case where other individual's work has been used, references have been provided and in some instances quotations have been made. It is on this note that I declare that this work is presented as one of my own efforts and contributing to the fulfilment of a Bachelor's degree in Law (LLB).

Signed:

Date: October 2011

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

This dissertation is the product of my own contribution and good assistance rendered to me by several persons. Therefore, I stand to convey my sincere gratitude to those who rendered help in one way or another.

First of all I owe my thanks giving to my good Lord for his goodness in enabling me to finish this dissertation.

I would like to extend my appreciation to my supervisor Me MBEMBE Binda Elvis and Mr. Leonard SEBUCENSHA for the technical help, advice and guidance, council and encouragement, which enabled me to gather and put down together my ideas.

I would like also to convey many thanks to my family especially my late sister Marie Claire INGABIRE and all members of my family for the support and love they extended to me. Their encouragement and understanding have been an inspiration to me throughout my time at the University.

I wish to extend my thanks to the National University of Rwanda and especially to the Faculty of Law for enabling me to accomplish my studies. Thanks also go to various lecturers of the faculty for having facilitated my study in one way or another. I owe a lot of gratitude to the US Embassy library staff and my fellow students who constantly boosted my zeal and encouragement and good company at all times.

iii

NGENZI Octave

iv

ABREVIATIONS

Art : Article

B.O. : Bulletin Officiel

Cass. Civ. : Cassation Civile

CCB I : Civil Code Book I

CCB III : Civil Code Book III

Cons. D'Et. : Conseil d'Etat

D. : Dalloz

Ed. : Edition

Et al : Et alii /alia (and the others)

Ets : Etablissement

Ibid : Ibidem (Same book, same page)

Id. : Idem (Same book, different page)

No : Number

NUR : National University of Rwanda

O. G : Official Gazette

Op cit : Opera citate (Already mentioned)

Para : Paragraph

RC : Rôle Civil

RCA : Rôle Civil en Appel

T.

V

: Tome

U. K : United Kingdom

UNR : Université Nationale du Rwanda

V. : Volume

vi

TABLE OF CONTENT

DEDICATION i

DECLARATION ii

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS iii

ABREVIATIONS iv

GENERAL INTRODUCTION 1

I. PRESENTATION OF THE TOPIC 1

II. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM 3

III. HYPOTHESIS 4

IV. CHOICE AND INTEREST OF TOPIC 4

V. DELIMITATION AND SUBDIVISION OF THE WORK 5

VI. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 5

CHAPTER I. GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS OF CONTRACTUAL UNPREDICTABILITY 6

SECTION 1. OVERVIEW OF THE THEORY OF UNPREDICTABILITY 6

1.1. Concept of contractual unpredictability 6

1.2. Legal basis of the theory 7

1.3. The theory of unpredictability 8

SECTION 2. NEIGHBOURING CONCEPTS OF CONTRACTUAL UNPREDICTABILITY

12

2.1. Force majeure 12

2.2. The interpretation 13

2.3. Good faith 15

2.4. Lesion 15

2.5. Acts of government 16

2.6. Abuse of law 17

2.7. The cause 18

SECTION 3. SPECIFIC HYPOTHESIS ON CONTRACTUAL UNPREDICTABILITY 18

3.1. Disappearance of the function of the contract 18

3.2. Imbalance of benefits 19

CHAPTER II. CASE LAW BASED ANALYSIS OF CONTRACTUAL UNPREDICTABILITY

UNDER RWANDAN 23

vii

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