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IP Packet charging for multimedia services


par SAIDI SAIBA et KAYISINGA Jean de DIEU
National University of Rwanda - Bachelor's degree 2007
  

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ACRONYMS

: : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : :

ATM CBWFQ CD

CPU CQ

DirectTV DNS DTX ETSI

ES

FDDI FIFO GB

GHz ICMP IHL InterNIC IP

IS

ISP

kHz

LAN MAN MB

Mbps MIDI MPEG MTN MTU NSP NSV NSVcap

Asynchronous Transfer Mode Class-Based Weighted Fair Queuing Compact Disc

Central Processing Unit

Custom Queuing

Direct TeleVision

Domain Name System

Discontinuous Transmission

European Telecommunications Standards Institute. End System

Fiber-Distributed Data Interface First In First Out

Giga Bytes

Giga Hertz

Internet Control Message Protocol IP Header Length

Internet Network Information Center Internet Protocol

Intermediate Systems

Internet Service Provider Kilo Hertz

Local Area Network

Metropolitan Area Network MegaByte

Mega bytes per second

Musical Instrument Digital Interface Moving Picture Experts Group Mobile Telephone Network Maximum-Transmission Unit Network Service Providers

Nullsoft Streaming Video Nullsoft Streaming Video Capture

vi

: : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : :

NTSC OS' PAL

PC

PC'

PQ

PS

QoS RAM RG RGB RRe

RR RSVP RTCP RTP RTSP SDES SONET SR

SVideo TCP

TV UDP UK VAD VCR VHS Vo'P WAN WFQ WLAN WRED

National Television Systems Committee Open Systems Interconnection Phase-Alternating Line

Personal Computer

Peripheral Component Interconnect Priority Queuing

Packet Switching Quality of Service

Random Acces s Memory

Resource Grants Red Green Blue Receiver Report Resource Request

Resource ReServVation Protocol Real-Time Control Protocol

Real-time Transport Protocol Real-Time Streaming Protocol

Source Description Items

Synchronous Optical Network

Sender Report Super Video

Transmission Control Protocol Television

User Datagram Protocol

United Kingdom

Voice Activity Detection

Video Cassette Recorders

Video Home System

Voice over Internet Protocol

Wide Area Network Weight Fair Queue Wireless Local Area Network

Weighted early random

LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1: WAN topology (Typical "mesh" connectivity of a Wide Area Network) 9

Figure 2: A connection between two systems A & D formed from 3 links 10

Figure 3: A circuit switched connection between A and D 11

Figure 4: Communication between A and D using circuits which shared dusing PS 13

Figure 5: Packet-switched communication between systems A and D 13

Figure 6: OSImodel 15

Figure 7: IP packet Datagram 17

Figure 8: IP address consists of 32 bits, grouped into four octets. 19

Figure 9: UDP encapsulation 20

Figure 10: UDP segment structure 20

Figure 11: A Basic QoS Implementation Has Three Main Components 25

Figure 12 : High Level Network diagram for UNICAST 34

Figure 13 : High Level Network for MULTICAST 35

Figure 14: Broadcasting process 37

Figure 15: High level Network Architecture of live video streaming 38

Figure 16: HiperLAN/2 QoS Architecture 41

Figure 17: Packet Scheduling 42

Figure 18: Traditional streaming diagram 46

Figure 19: Bandwidth diagram for traditional streaming 48

Figure 20: PCs connection diagram 51

Figure 21: Start shoutcast server 52

Figure 22: Warning of configuration 52

Figure 23: Shoutcast configuration file 53

Figure 24: NSV tools configuration to set capture destination 54

Figure 25: Set capture destination 54

Figure 26: NVS tools for capturing cards 55

Figure 27: Selection ofvideo input 56

Figure 28: Video capture filter configuration 56

Figure 29: Video Decoder configuration 57

Figure 30: Video Proc Amp 57

Figure 31: Video Capture pin 58

Figure 32: Video capture configuration 59

Figure 33: NSV configuration 59

Figure 34: NSV encoder configuration 60

Figure 35: The first image to send to the client 60

Figure 36: starting capturing the image 61

Figure 37: Intrastation packets scheduling 63

Figure 38: Interstation packets scheduling 65

Figure 39: Comparative diagram between packet charging model and traditional streaming 66

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