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The implementation of web based system for the improvment of good governance in the development of rwandan districts.

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par Herménégilde HUNDWITIRO
National University of Rwanda - Bachelor Degree 2009
  

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i
Dedication

To the God Almighty father
To my dad
To my dearest mom
To my beloved sisters and brothers
To my classmates, friends and relatives

I dedicate this final reeasearch.

HUNDWITIRO Herménégilde

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Declaration

I, HUNDWITIRO Herménégilde, hereby declare that this dissertation entitled «The implementation of web based system for the improvement of good governance in the development of Rwandan Districts» is my own work and has not been submitted anywhere for award of any degree.

HUNDWITIRO Herménégilde

Signature

iii
Acknowledgement

The District Invitation to Tender Management Information System (DITMIS) is a research, which was initiated as a final project to submit in the fulfillment of the requirements of the award of Bachelor's Degree in Information Technology Application in Management.

This work has been a result of joint effort from different persons, without whom the completion of this research would not be success. This is the time for me to acknowledge their incomparable help.

First of all, I thank the almighty God who always guide and protect me and make possible what seems to be impossible in my life.

My sincere thanks to Mr. KAGARAMA John Baptista my supervisor for his endless guidance and supervision in the achievement of this work.

A heartfelt to my parents Mr. NZABAHIMANA Jean Bosco and Mrs. MUKAMASABO Béatrice, for their great commitment and invaluable moral and material support, will always be remembered, to my beloved Teachers for their education with endless love and support during my studies.

I wish to extend my deep gratitude to my friends TWAHIRWA Jean Baptiste, KABERA Lambert and HAKIZIMANA Jean Claude for their help, advices, cooperation and encouragement, my sincere gratitude as well.

I am also grateful to my brothers, sisters, relatives and classmates for the cooperation and encouragement, my sincere gratitude as well.

The particular thanks to the Department of Management, the faculty of Economics and Management, the National University of Rwanda and the Rwandan Government. Their support made working on this project possible.

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Table of contents

DEDICATION I

DECLARATION II

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT III

TABLE OF CONTENTS IV

LIST OF ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS VI

LIST OF TABLES VIII

LIST OF FIGURES IX

ABSTRACT X

CHAPTER1. GENERAL INTRODUCTION 1

1.1. INTRODUCTION 1

1.2. THE PROBLEM STATEMENT 1

1.3. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY 2

General Objective 2

Specific Objective 2

1.4. MOTIVATION AND INTEREST OF THE PROJECT 3

1.5. THE PROJECT QUESTIONS 3

1.6. THE PROJECT HYPOTHESES 4

1.7. SCOPE OF THE PROJECT 4

1.8. METHODOLOGY 4

1.9. ORGANIZATION OF THE PROJECT 5

CHAPTER. 2. THEORETICAL CONCEPTS AND DEFINITIONS 6

2.1. INTRODUCTION 6

2.2. INFORMATION SYSTEM 6

2.2.1. DEFINITION 6

2.3. DATABASE CONCEPTS 8

2.3.1. Definition and terminology 8

2.3.2. Database design principles 10

2.3.3 Normalization 11

2.3.4. Database management system 12

2.3.5. Data processing architecture 13

2.4. WEB- BASED TECHNOLOGIES CONCEPTS 13

2.4.1. Computer network 13

2.4.2. Internet and World Wide Web 17

V

3.1 INTRODUCTION 19

3.2. SOFTWARE ENGINEERING APPROACH 19

3.2.1. Software life cycle 19

3.2.2. The waterfall model 20

CHAPTER IV. DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF THE WEB BASED SYSTEM. 24

4.1. INTRODUCTION 24

4.2. GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF NYAMAGABE DISTRICT 24

4.3. SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT 24

4.3.1 Analysis of the existing Information System 24

4.3.2. The proposed system. 25

4.3.3. System Requirement Specification 25

4.3.4. General Description of DITMIS 25

4.3.5. Specific Requirements 26

4.3.6. Process Modeling 28

4.3.7 Tools Used 35

4.3.8 Data Dictionary 37

4.3.9 Implementation 41

CHAPTER 5: CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS 49

5.1 CONCLUSION 49

5.2 RECOMMENDATIONS 50

5.3 FUTURE WORK 50

BIBLIOGRAPHY 51

A) BOOKS: 51

B) WEB REFERENCES: 51

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