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The implementation of web based system for the improvment of good governance in the development of rwandan districts.

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par Herménégilde HUNDWITIRO
National University of Rwanda - Bachelor Degree 2009
  

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List of Acronyms and Abbreviations

1.BITAM : Bachelor of Information Technology Application in Management 2.BCFN:Boyce Codd Normal Form

3.CPU:Central Processing Unit 4.CAN:Campus Area Network

5.CSS:Cascading Style Sheets

6. DB: Database

7.DBMS:Database Management System 8.DFM:Data FlowModel

9.DFD:Data Flow Diagram

10.DITMIS:District Invitation to Tender Management Information System 11.DKNF: Domain Key normal form

12.DPP:Desktop Publishing Program

13.ECMA:Europian Computer Manufacturers Association

14.ERD:Entity Relationship Diagram 15.G C : Government Citizen

16.HTML:Hyper Text Mark_up Language 17.HTTP:Hyper Text Transfer Protocol

18.ICT: Information Technology and Technology

19.I S: Information System

20.IT :Information Technology

21.ITAA: Information Technology Association of America

22.IP:Internet Protocol

23.LAN:Local Area Network

24.MAN:Metropolitan Area Network 25.MIS:Management Information System 26.N F: Normal Form

27.PAN:Personnal Area Network

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28.PC: Personnal Computer

29.PHP:Hypertext Preprocessor

30.RDBMS:Relational Database Management System 31.SAN:Storage Area Network

32.SVG: Scalable Vector Graphics

33.TCI IP: Transmission Control Protocol Internet Protocol 34.VPN:Virtual Private Network

35.WAN:Wide Area Network

36.WEBAPP:Web application

37.WWW:World Wide Web

38.XHTML:Extensible Hyper Text Markup Language 39.XML:Extensible Hyper Text Markup Language

viii
List of Tables

TABLE 4 .1: ACTOR GOAL LIST 26

TABLE: 4.2 .DITMIS _ LIST OF TABLES 33

TABLE 4.3. APPLICANT TABLE 38

TABLE 4.4 ANNOUNCEMENT 38

TABLE 4.5: CHAT 38

TABLE 4.6 : COMMENT 39

TABLE 4.7: PASSWORD 39

TABLE 4.8: RESULTS 40

TABLE 4.9 ATTACHFILE 40

TABLE 4.10: SCREEN GLOSSARY 42

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List of Figures

FIGURE 3.1: THE CLASSICAL SEQUENTIAL SOFTWARE LIFE-CYCLE MODEL 20

FIGURE 3.2. THE WATERFALL MODEL 21

FIGURE 4.1: SYSTEM OUTLINE FOR DITMIS 29

FIGURE 4. 2: DISTRICT INVITATION TO TENDER MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM CONTEXT DIAGRAM / LEVEL 0 31

FIGURE4.3 LEVEL1 DATA FLOW DIAGRAM 32

FIGURE 4.4 E R DIAGRAM 34

TABLE 4.4 ANNOUNCEMENT 38

FIGURE 4.5: THE MAIN PAGE 43

FIGURE 4.6: ANNOUNCEMENT PAGE 43

FIGURE 4.7: END OF ANNOUNCEMENT PAGE 44

FIGURE 4.8: THE TENDER PAGE 44

FIGURE 4.9: THE DETAILS FOR TENDER PAGE 45

FIGURE 4.10: THE APPLICANT PAGE 45

FIGURE 4.11: THE PAGE FOR UPLOADING OTHER FILES. 46

FIGURE 4.12: THE ADMINISTRATOR PAGE. 46

FIGURE 4.13: THE VIEW ALL APPLICANTS PAGE 47

FIGURE 4.14: THE PAGE FOR ALL FILES UPLOADED. 47

FIGURE 4.15: THE PAGE FOR SUBMITTING A COMMENT. 48

FIGURE 4.16: THE PAGE FOR PRINTING AN ANNOUNCEMENT. 48

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Abstract

The growth and development of information and technologies (ICT's) has led to their wide diffusion and application, thus increasing their economic and social impact. The internet undertakes a wide range of activities aimed at improving our understanding of how ICTs contribute to sustainable economic growth and social well being and their role in the shift toward knowledge based societies.

Trust among the users of ICT networks is increasing priority for business, industry and governments. Information and Communication and Technologies (ICTs) can help meet development objectives, in particular international development goals for poverty reduction, education, health and environment.

This research is conceived with the aim of providing an adequate solution that will help citizens to get information about the tenders available in the Districts, the details about those tenders and have the possibility to apply for any tender. The DITMIS uses the advantages of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) as mentioned above.

The objective of this study is to provide a web based application able to assist anyone to get information about the tenders available in the Districts, able to read the announcement for an tender and have the opportunity for the application. The web based application to develop will have a web interface where applicants can read the announcement for tender, the details about the tenders and make the application via internet.

To achieve the fixed objectives, we have used the waterfall model as a software development process model to develop the web based application. Interviews and documentation also are used as the major data collection techniques.

By the end of this document, interfaces for users are designed with PHP, and listed in the interfaces

Glossary subsection. Finally, conclusion and recommendations are made to facilitate the usage and further improvement of this application.

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