Gouvernance locale et developpement communautaire durable : cas du centre de santé du village Gboto Zeve au Togo.
par Valentine OLOUME BEYEME
Centre de Recherche et d'Action pour la Paix, Institut de la Dignité et des Droits Humains - Master II en Ethique et Gouvernance; Option " Ethique Economique et Développement Durable". 2011
The idea of multiple paths of development necessarily involves a case-by-case analysis of development problems. This is especially true in the context of community development where all the local conditions (geographical, economic, social, cultural, etc.) must be taken into account in the process of developing strategies for social change. But in the enumeration of these local conditions, the system of local governance is usually omitted. It is with this observation and impregnated with a sociologist development approach that this study has been kind enough to link local governance and community development. The choice has rightly focused on Togo because of its status as poor and underdeveloped country. Moreover, in this kind of country, the poverty is much higher in rural than in urban areas, where there is a lack or inadequacy of educational infrastructure, health, etc. In addition to the low purchasing power of populations.
This study that has therefore required a field approach has focused on qualitative methodology. Tools for data collection from the bulk of the PRA allowed to operate a participatory diagnosis with local populations of the village of Gboto Zévé. These tools were made of the problem tree, the tree of solutions, the Venn diagram. Several other groups and individual interviews were conducted simultaneously with the target groups.
Following a primary analysis based on the criteria of good governance which are participation, accountability and transparency, the results obtained after the investigation revealed:
On the one hand, an influence of local governance from the village of Gboto Zévé on its dynamics of community development.
On the other hand, a similarity between the overall constraints of the togolese Government and the specific constraints of Gboto Zévé. Which ultimately gives rise, in the discussion questioning the link between global regulation and local governance.
In short, it should be noted that although local government is not implementing the scale of global regulation, it is still influenced by it.
Keywords: Local governance, public policy, community development, sustainability, public health, community health, primary health care.
Deuxième partie: RESULTATS ET DISCUSSION ..40
Chapitre IV- RESULTATS 41
Chapitre V- DISCUSSION 51
A- INFLUENCE DU CADRE GLOBAL 51