The role of SMEs in rwanda from 1995 to 2010
par Clotilde MUKAMUGANGA
National University of Rwanda - A0 2011
Fred.N Kerlinger, (1964:700) stressed that the methodological research is a controlled investigation of the theoretical and applied aspects of measurements, mathematics, and statistics, and ways of obtaining and analyzing data.
Contentmporary English dictionary (1995: 231), defines methodology as a set of methods and principles that are used when studying a particular kind of work.
A method comprises of all intellectual process, an orderly system or arrangement that enables a researcher to reach on aspect of knowledge by using various techniques. This chapter intends primarily to highlight the methods and techniques that have been used in order to collect data for the purpose of carrying out this study.
It is primarily intends to make description and analysis of the role of Small and Medium Enterprises on rural development in Rwanda. For this reason, it will bear an exploratory aspect, especially because there has not been a similar study before.
This chapter gives a detailed presentation of the tools and techniques that were used to investigate the research issues in the field. It includes spelling out the area of the study and study population. It further describes the methods and techniques used in the choosing the sample size and selection instruments like questionnaire, interviews and documentation were used. It also includes data processing, analysis and problems that were encountered in this research, finally this chapter provides the back ground against which the findings and conclusions of the study were examined and appreciated regarding their reliability and validity.
According to Churchill (1992:108) a research design is a framework or a plan for the study used as a guide in collecting and analyzing data. It is a blueprint that is followed in completing a study. He further defines a research design as a plan of action, for the purposes of this study; the researcher adopted a survey as his research design.
«A source is one of the materials that the researcher uses for collecting information during the investigation» (Paige Wilson, 1989:2). The sources of data are both primary and secondary data.
«Primary data are those data collected to the specific problem or issue under investigation. Primary data are necessary when a trough analysis of secondary data is unable to provide satisfactory information» JoelR. Evan and Barry Berman (1995: 20), GilbertA. Churchill Jr(1992:182);he further argued that, primary data are collected to fit precise purposes of current research problem.
To evaluate the overall value of primary data, the researcher must weigh precision, currentness and reliability against high cost time pressure and limited access to materials. The main techniques of primary data collection were interviews and questionnaires given to the staff and population around the enterprise. Therefore, primary data were collected from respondents in the form of answers to the administered questionnaire as well as responses where interviews were applied.