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Contribution of small and medium enterprise to the economic development of Rwanda


par Valens NYANDWI
Universite Nationale du Rwanda - Licence 2013
  

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CHAPTER III: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1. Introduction

The methodology refers to a set of methods and principles that are used when studying a particular kind of work. The research methods according to Grinnell and Williams (1990:42) refer to the number of ways arriving at the knowledge. The methodology comprises on intellectuals process, on orderly system of the arrangement that enable one to reach the aspect of knowledge. It is conceptual process that co-ordinates a set of investigation operations and techniques.

Fred.N Kerlinger, (1964:700) stressed that the methodological research is a controlled by investigation of the theoretical and applied aspects of measurements, mathematics, statistics, and ways of obtaining and analyzing data.

This research study attempts to show an assessment on the contribution of small and medium enterprises to the economic development of Rwanda.

This chapter gives a detailed presentation of the tools and techniques that were used to investigate the research issues in the field. It includes spelling out the area of the study and study population. It further describes the methods and techniques used in the choosing the sample size and selection instruments like questionnaire, interviews and documentation were used.

It also includes data processing and analysis with problems that were encountered in this research, finally this chapter provides the background against which the findings and conclusions of the study were examined and appreciated regarding their reliability and validity.

3.2. Research design

Kenneth D. Bailey (1978:7) stated that, research design is a stage in social research where the research must decide on how to measure the two main variables in this on her hypothesis and what group of people on whom to test the hypothesis. He further said, this involves deciding not only how many people will be used as subjects but also what their particular characteristics should be and under what circumstances the data while be gathered.

According to Churchill (1992:108) a research design is a framework or a plan for the study used as a guide in collecting and analyzing data.

Grinnell Jr and Williams (1990:41) defined that, research design as a careful systematic study or investigation in some field of knowledge, undertaken to establish some facts or principles. He further stated that, a research design is the total plan we use so to assist in answering our research questions.

He urges that, as part of our plan, we decide how the research question should be, required to answer it, from whom the data will be obtained and what is the best way to gather that data. Regarding this study, descriptive and explanatory design was used on questionnaire and interview schedule.

3.3. Source of data collections

According to Horn by et al (1963:2490), defines data as facts or things certainly known and form when conclusion may drown, in conducting research study, the required data was gathered from both primary and secondary data.

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