Contribution of small and medium enterprise to the economic development of Rwanda
par Valens NYANDWI
Universite Nationale du Rwanda - Licence 2013
Robert Ferber and P. Verdoom (1970:45) argued that, sometimes primary data will be collected by means of survey, sometimes from company records or others source material. With a regard to the study, primary data was obtained from the small and medium enterprise (Huye Water enterprise) as a case study selected and customers, the excise departments and employees of different sections of Huye water enterprise through questionnaires interview schedules and observation method.
Extensive study and review of published and unpublished documents, reports journals, newspapers and policy reports relevant to the study was used. Secondary data is «A data gathering method that makes use of pre-existing data» Richard M. Grinnell and Margaret Williams, (1990:228). This technique is important because it reviews the literature and tries to canvas both global and national perspectives so that the researcher could have a comparative framework for analysis and evaluation (William, 1982:401).
Secondary data sources for this research work were drawn from the permanent file of some surveyed enterprises. The permanent file included among other documents and these includes the following: the statute, minute of managers, the manual of procedures and other documents considered necessary for this study. The secondary data helped to fill the gap left by primary data obtained through questionnaires and interview schedule hence showing the designed picture of this research study.
The study was conducted in private organizations namely Huye water enterprise, this case study has been selected just it is effective to the research as he resides in the same geographical area with selected organization, so this save transport charges and time costs.
It is also convenient for the research to get the required information without facing much difficulty. Christenson (1991:92) says that, case study is on intensive description and analysis of a single or individual, organization or event based on information obtained from a variety of sources such questionnaire, interviews, documents, and tests results achieved records.
Furthermore, most of the research on SMEs that had been carried out in Huye water enterprise was about the private, so the researcher is interested in discovering the concerns of SMEs effectiveness and efficiency in the private organizations, hence selecting the case study of Huye water enterprise.
As it has been indicated above, given the width of this topic under study, the population is also wide as it is located in Huye areas. Despite the fact that the population under this study is derived from a selected enterprise and this selection is formed by customers, employees and staff of enterprise.
The study must consider a sample size that is within the cost constraint but should provide the ability to detect an independent variable effect (Christensen, 1991: 372). Williamson (1982:113) comments on the sample size as being a phase of research, which is crucial because of its major impact on time and money that must go into data collection.
While selecting the sample size of the study; the researcher purposely selected two respondents particularly; representing all staff members. Data is collected from selected respondents from the study population.