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Contribution of small and medium enterprise to the economic development of Rwanda


par Valens NYANDWI
Universite Nationale du Rwanda - Licence 2013
  

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4.10. Investments level in Huye water enterprise

HUYE water enterprise is an individual company of Mr. GAKWAYA Etienne whose capital was 83,404,822 RWF at the beginning in 1998 but currently increased up to the capital of 149,000,000 RWF.

This sector was invested in the different activities, the main ones in which the industry invested a lot of money include, initial inputs with 37.29%, new machines 36.24%, chemical products 8% and vehicle repairs with 8.33% other activities took a minimum amount of money.

Table 4.4 Huye water enterprise Investment level

Number

Nature of investment

Amount in RWF

Percentage

1

Replacement of old machine with new ones

54,000,000

36.24

2

Initial inputs

55,574,323

37.29

3

Chemical product

12,000,790

8

4

Machines and other materials concerned with vehicle repair

12,424,887

8.33

5

Information on training, technique and technique visitors

10,400,000

6.97

6

Taxes and others requirements

4,600,000

3.08

Total

 

149,000,000

 

(Source: Annual report ,15th, May 2013 , Huye water enterprise Finance department)

4.11. Findings related to the contribution of Huye water enterprise to the economic development of Rwanda on the beneficiaries? welfare.

4.11.1 Distribution of respondents by Sex and Age

Data is drawn from both male and female respondents and to assess whether both equally benefit

from Huye water enterprise's activities following is the table showing the respondents distribution according to Age group and sex.

Table 4. 5 Respondents by age group and sex:

Age

Male

Female

TOTAL

Group

 
 
 
 
 

Frequencies

Frequencies

Frequencies

Percentage

<20

3(10)

1(2.77)

21

31.8

21-30

10(33.33)

11(30.5)

29

36.4

31-40

12(40)

17(47.23)

11

23.2

41-50

4(13.33)

7(19.44)

1

16.7

>60

0(0)

0

1

0

Total

30

36

66

100

(Source: Primary data)

Note: Percentages are indicated in brackets

Out of 66 respondents, 2 of technical staff and 64 beneficiaries, 31.8% have declared to lie in group of 21-30 years, 36.4% appear in the category of 31-40 years old, and only 16.7% declared to be in the category of 51-60.

Most of respondents are women since it has been observed that women are of the vast majority

in trading activities such as in mini- market, chops, etc and it has a large number of workers as their represent 57.1% and 53.7% of the total population respectively.

They are playing indispensable role in Huye water enterprise's activities and in improving the quality of life in their households.

Table 4.6 Beneficiaries views about their achievements

Benefits/achievements

After working in Huye water enterprise

Nutrition

54

84

Affording medical insurance

52

81.25

Building/or rehabilitating house

35

54.68

Affording basic needs( clothing,

improved healthcare, etc)

57

89

Milk production or affording to buy

milk for consumption

50

78.1

Paying school fees for children

42

65.63

Owning domestic animal

41

64.0

Animal Sheds construction

23

35.93

Buying other materials(cars, motovehicles, mattress, bicycles, radios, etc)

39

60.9

Other achievements

14

21.8

Total respondents

64

100

(Source : primary data)

Accordingly, nutritional as well as health conditions have been improved essentially because of milk production, income from milk production, and increased agricultural income due to manure use, etc. For instance almost of them consume milk in their households. Consequently 89% agree to have access on healthcares and 65.63 % are able to pay school fees for their children.

Compared to their livelihoods before working and after working within Huye water enterprise as employees, respondents declared that before the majority gaining cows from Huye water enterprise began, there were few households consuming milk. Basically the reasons behind was that few of these regions only did own dairy cows and thus, they could not afford to buy milk. Therefore milk consumption determines improvements in family happiness as obviously the bigger number of children per household needed constant use of milk in their daily consumption.

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