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Contribution of small and medium enterprise to the economic development of Rwanda


par Valens NYANDWI
Universite Nationale du Rwanda - Licence 2013
  

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4.12 .Employees' annual income before and after working in Huye water enterprise

Whilst assessing conduction, the researcher was interested to know real possible improvements made through evaluating household income before and after joining activities piloted by Huye water enterprise.

Table 4.7 Households annual income before and after joining in Huye water enterprise

Annual income(rwf)

Before working

within Huye water enterprise

After the working

 

Number of

respondents

%

Number of

respondents

%

<60000

49

76.5

17

26.5

60000-100000

13

20.4

39

60.9

120000-240000

2

3.1

5

7.8

240000-360000

0

0

3

4.6

360000-480000

0

0

0

0

480000-600000

0

0

0

0

> 600000

0

0

0

0

TOTAL

64

100

64

100

(Source: primary data)

Table 5. depicts that after working in this enterprise, moreover the contribution of Huye water enterprise occurred in economic development of Rwanda basing on those data obtained above, surveys back ago identified nearly 48.11% of households in Huye district who have declared spend year with only earn less than 30000rwfs as income, 38.6%, 30000rwfs and 12.26%, 60000rwf. Only 26.5 percent of the respondents earn less to 60000wfr after joining in Huye water enterprise.

Therefore the majority of respondents have shown positive increment in income as 60.9 percent declared to have earned between 120000- 240000rwFs annually. Thus, above the poverty line compared to current Rwanda poverty standards and 76.5% of respondents who depended on less than 60000rwf ever characterized most of households in selected regions before the project.

4.13. Respondents opinions about their categories according Ubudehe survey (household's categories).

Accordingly, nutritional as well as a health conditions has been improved, essentially because of milk production, income from milk production and increased the industrial level due to the manure use, etc.

Table 4. 8 Respondents by households' categories

Household

category

Before working

in Huye water enterprise

%

After working

in Huye water enterprise

%

 

Frequencies

Percentage

Frequencies

Percentage

The poorer

0

0

0

0

The very poor

10

15.6

0

0

The poor

35

54.7

5

7.8

The middle-rich

19

299.6

50

78.1

The rich

0

0

9

14

The money rich

0

0

0

0

TOTAL

64

10

64

100

(Source: primary Data)

Some aspects of availability of food are above target and this is an encouraging sign. From the responses, it appears that food security, healthcare and education no longer pre-occupies the minds of parents as they are now able to provide these for their families. Distribution in table4.4 indicates 78.1(%) and 14 % of the total respondents surely declared to be in the category of the middle-rich and food rich respectively. This, quietly differ from 54.7 percent lived poor before this enterprise began.

4.14. Respondents views on the enterprise impact on welfare benefits

Table 4.9 Respondents views about Huye water enterprise impact on their wellbeing

Individual welfare

Number of respondents

Percentages

Very good

14

21.21

Good

51

77.27

Slowly good

1

1.5

Poor

0

0

Extremely poor

0

0

No change

0

0

Total

66

100

(Source: primary data)

Given that this enterprise has provided more things to their workers, more taxes to the government and as well generates daily income from efforts used in production process, during the research activity the researcher was concerned on income generated in the study areas.

Respondents' views enclose the overall objective of Huye water enterprise «to increase the industrial income and improve the nutrition of their employees». The table 4.6; shows 92.4 percent of technical staff and respondents (beneficiaries) agree that Huye water enterprise achieved to increase industrial output and income to the people in the different areas. 61 respondents representing 92.4% witnessed that their individual welfare have been improved since benefiting from Huye water enterprise's activities.

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