Connaissance, attitudes et pratiques des femmes du quartier Katindo face à la gestion des latrines.
par Justin MUNFANO LUKONGE
Université Libre des Pays des Grands Lacs - ULPGL - Grade 2012
This work is about the Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of the women of the KATINDO quarter facing the use of the latrines.
Of bonus on board, we asked ourselves the following general question what is the level of knowledge, attitudes and practices of the women of the KATINDO quarter facing the bad use of the latrines?
Of this general question, three following specific questions ensued:
- What are the knowledge of the women of the KATINDO quarter on the latrines like source of infections and on the adequate hygienic measures of the latrines?
- What are the attitudes of the women of the KATINDO quarter facing the hygiene of the latrines?
- What are the practices of the women of the KATINDO quarter that the unsanitary latrines return?
To answer these calm specific questions above, three following hypotheses have been given out:
- The knowledge of the women of the KATINDO quarter on the latrines like source of infections and the adequate hygienic measures would be less elevated.
- The attitudes of the women of the KATINDO quarter would be unfavorable to the hygiene of the latrines as the non-stopping of the hole, the sharing of the latrines with the other.
- The non-maintenance of the latrines, the regular housekeeping lack, the non-discharge of the latrines would be the practices of the women of the KATINDO quarter that return the unsanitary latrines.
Thus, the objective assigned for this research was to value the level of knowledge, attitude and practices of the women of the KATINDO quarter facing the bad use of the latrines.
To reach this objective, we specifically set below three objectives:
- To value the knowledge of the women of the quarter on the latrines like source of infections on the adequate hygienic measures.
- To appreciate the attitudes of the women of the KATINDO quarter facing the hygiene of the latrines.
- To identify the practices of the women of the KATINDO quarter that return the unsanitary latrines.
This survey is cross-sectional and evaluative, led on a sample of three hundred thirty-six women of the KATINDO quarter.
Wanting to verify the hypotheses given out in this research, the data have been collected with the help of an investigation by semi-structured questionnaire distributed to the women of the KATINDO quarter. It is whereas the quantitative data have been treated and analyzed in Microsoft Word and SPSS (Statistical Package heart Social Sciences) the software in the goal to verify these hypotheses and to clear below on the results:
With regard to the knowledge, the results stipulate that 99,7% of the investigated have a latrine within their household against a woman's minority is 0,3% that don't have some; 73,1% of the investigated have a knowledge on some hygienic measures to take, while 26,9% of the investigated deny to know some hygienic measures. And 57,7% of these women know that the latrines, once badly used, can be source of the Diarrhea, 22,6% among them know that that can cause the Cholera; while 8% know that that can produce the typhoid fever, 7,1% speak of the infections and finally 15 women are 4,5% know no illnesses that can come from the latrines.
Leaving from the attitudes, the results stipulate that the majority of the investigated either 53,1%, share their latrines with the other while 46,9% of these same investigated don't share theirs. But also these same results show that, among those that don't share their latrines, 53,1% are afraid to fill their pit before the time, 44,1% as for them fear the dirt while 2,8% say that the other have their toilets.
Concerning the practices, the results of this research show that the big majority is 91,3% of the investigated clean their latrines against a minority of 8,7% that don't make it, but also, of the investigated, having some latrines, more of half are 66,3% have necessary products to clean their latrines and 33,7% say that they don't have some. We note that, among those that have housekeeping products, close to the half of the women investigated either 48,6% use the OMO to clean their latrines, 19,8% among them use the CREOLINE, while 14,9% use DETTOL and CHLORAMINE, 11,3% use the ash to clean and finally, 5,4% only use the liquid GERMOL. For those that don't have some, 39,8% say that the products are unavailable on the market, 30,1% don't have any information on the housekeeping products, 29,2% as for them don't have any means to procure itself/themselves of it and 0,9% don't have an organization. It also ensues of this survey that more of the half of the investigated either 54,9% affirm that once their full latrines unload it and 37% of these same investigated abandon it only while 8,1% use it like that although it is full.
This same survey reveals that more of half are 51,8% of the investigated count to begin to plug the holes of their latrines, 27,7% intend to make use of the padlock while respectively 10,4% and 10,1% intend to begin to respect the rules of hygiene and to begin to make the separation of the toilets of the parents of those of the children.
To the look of the results of this work, we recommend what follows:
To the sanitary persons responsible
- To multiply the sensitization on the good use of the latrines;
- To encourage the construction of the latrines to septic tank in the quarter in order to decrease contact with excreted them;
- To take the decisions aiming to reduce the illnesses say dirty hands.
To the community of the KATINDO quarter
- To endeavor to construct the adapted hygienic latrines;
- To imply itself/themselves briskly in the activities that aim information on the adequate hygienic measures
- To change behavior while adopting the stopping of the hole for example, door to padlock... like new behaviors.
To the future researchers
- To be going as far as drawing this topic in depth while landing it under the angle of the survey of feasibility of the exploitation of the latrines for the transformation in energy (the Biomass).