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Synthèse et caractérisation de pérovskites à  base de lanthane

( Télécharger le fichier original )
par Yazid BOUZNIT
Université de JIJEL - Ingénieur d'état 2007
  

précédent sommaire suivant

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Conclusion générale

L'ensemble des travaux présentés dans ce mémoire a été axé sur la synthèse de trois phases à structure pérovskite dont la formule générale est LaMO3 (M=Fe, Mn, Ti) par voie solide (méthode céramique), les différents échantillons ont été traités à température 900°C puis à 1000°C afin d'obtenir les phases recherchées, vient en suit l'étape de caractérisation de ces échantillons par la diffraction des rayons X. Les différents spectres obtenus ont été comparés avec la base de données.

Les résultats de ce travail sont rassemblés comme suit:

L'échantillon E1 :

La caractérisation par diffraction des RX nous a permis de conclure que la poudre E1 est monophasique et après l'affinement par le logiciel CELREF on trouve :

T=900°C :

LaFeO3 : SG : Pnma du système orthorhombique :

a=5.5590 A°, b=5.5647 A°, c=7.8598 A°

T=1000°C :

LaFeO3 : SG : Pnma du système orthorhombique :

a=5.5580 A° b=5.5652 A° c=7.8627 A°

L'échantillon E2 :

De même que l'échantillon E1 :

T=900°C :

LaMnO3 : SG : Pbnm du système orthorhombique :

a=5.5198 A° , b=5.7517 A° , c=7.7377 A°

T=1000°C:

LaMnO3 : SG : Pbnm du système orthorhombique :

a=5.5226 A° , b=5.7527 A° , c=7.7541 A°

L'échantillon E3:

T=1000°C:

LaTiO3 : SG : Pm-3m du système cubique

a=b=c=3,9085 A°

TiO2 : SG : P42/mmm du système tetragonal

a=b= 4,58 A° c= 2,95 A°

La2O3 : SG : P-3m1du système hexagonal

a= b= 3.9417 A° c=6.1372 A°

La2Ti2O7 : SG : P21/m du système monoclinique

a=13.0031 A° b= 5.5410A° c= 7.7994 A° â=98.46 °

La phase LaFeO3 d'après la base de données

CELREF VERSION 3
P1:LaFeO3 (T=900°C)

Initial values : (Refinement keys on 2nd line)
Zero Lambda a b c alpha beta gamma volume

0.000
0

H

1.54060

0

K L

5.5582 5.5645

1 1

2Th (obs)

7.8614 90.00

1 0

2Th_obs-shift

90.00 90.00 243.142

0 0

2Th (Calc) diff.

0

0

2

22.6065

22.6065

22.6028

0.0037

1

1

1

25.3037

25.3037

25.3033

0.0004

2

0

0

32.1855

32.1855

32.1835

0.0020

2

0

1

34.1590

34.1590

34.1935

-0.0345

2

0

2

39.6834

39.6834

39.6876

-0.0042

0

0

4

46.1503

46.1503

46.1506

-0.0003

2

2

1

47.6397

47.6397

47.6359

0.0038

1

1

4

51.9892

51.9892

51.9735

0.0157

1

3

1

53.3070

53.3070

53.3127

-0.0057

2

0

4

57.3796

57.3796

57.3768

0.0028

4

0

0

67.3297

67.3297

67.3322

-0.0025

3

1

4

72.0183

72.0183

72.0179

0.0004

1

1

6

76.6079

76.6079

76.5862

0.0217

2

4

1

77.6419

77.6419

77.6476

-0.0057

Final values : (Standard errors on 2nd line)

Zero Lambda a b c alpha beta gamma volume

0.000

0.0000

H

1.54060

0.00000

K L

5.5590 5.5647

0.0006 0.0007

2Th (obs)

7.8598 90.00

0.0007 0.000

2Th_obs-shift

90.00 90.00

0.000 0.000

2Th (Calc)

243.13

0.000

diff.

0

0

2

22.6065

22.6065

22.6075

-0.0010

1

1

1

25.3037

25.3037

25.3024

0.0013

2

0

0

32.1855

32.1855

32.1785

0.0070

2

0

1

34.1590

34.1590

34.1896

-0.0306

2

0

2

39.6834

39.6834

39.6863

-0.0029

0

0

4

46.1503

46.1503

46.1606

-0.0103

2

2

1

47.6397

47.6397

47.6322

0.0075

1

1

4

51.9892

51.9892

51.9817

0.0075

1

3

1

53.3070

53.3070

53.3107

-0.0037

2

0

4

57.3796

57.3796

57.3822

-0.0026

4

0

0

67.3297

67.3297

67.3208

0.0089

3

1

4

72.0183

72.0183

72.0192

-0.0009

1

1

6

76.6079

76.6079

76.6021

0.0058

2

4

1

77.6419

77.6419

77.6429

-0.0010

CELREF Version 3
P1:LaFeO3 (T=1000°C)
Initial values : (Refinement keys on 2nd line)

Zero
0.000
0

Lambda

1.54060

0

H K L

a b

5.5579 5.5646

1 1

2Th (obs)

c alpha

7.8646 90.00

1 0

2Th_obs-shift

beta gamma volume

90.00 90.00 243.232

0 0

2Th (Calc) diff.

1

1

0

22.5919

22.5919

22.5929

-0.0010

1

1

1

25.3011

25.3011

25.3015

-0.0004

2

0

0

32.1787

32.1787

32.1853

-0.0066

2

0

2

39.6856

39.6856

39.6834

0.0022

0

0

4

46.1435

46.1435

46.1307

0.0128

2

2

1

47.6358

47.6358

47.6356

0.0002

3

1

0

51.9775

51.9775

51.9813

-0.0038

1

3

1

53.3017

53.3017

53.3110

-0 .0093

3

1

2

57.3744

57.3744

57.3727

0.0017

1

3

3

63.6406

63.6406

63.6420

-0.0014

4

0

0

67.3254

67.3254

67.3363

-0.0109

4

0

2

72.0274

72.0274

72.0266

0.0008

4

2

0

76.5945

76.5945

76.5839

0.0106

Final values : (Standard errors on 2nd line)

Zero Lambda a b c alpha beta gamma volume

0.000

0.0000

H

1.54060
0.00000

K L

5.5580 5.5652

0.0002 0.0005

2Th (obs)

7.8627 90.00

0.0009 0.000

2Th_obs-shift

90.00
0.000

2Th (Calc)

90.00 243.205

0.000 0.000

diff.

1

1

0

22.5919

22.5919

22.5915

0.0004

1

1

1

25.3011

25.3011

25.3015

-0.0004

2

0

0

32.1787

32.1787

32.1846

-0.0059

2

0

2

39.6856

39.6856

39.6862

-0.0006

0

0

4

46.1435

46.1435

46.1425

0.0010

2

2

1

47.6358

47.6358

47.6333

0.0025

3

1

0

51.9775

51.9775

51.9798

-0.0023

1

3

1

53.3017

53.3017

53.3062

-0.0045

3

1

2

57.3744

57.3744

57.3738

0.0006

1

3

3

63.6406

63.6406

63.6424

-0.0018

4

0

0

67.3254

67.3254

67.3349

-0.0095

4

0

2

72.0274

72.0274

72.0275

-0.0001

4

2

0

76.5945

76.5945

76.5806

0.0139

La phase LaMnO3 d'après la base de données

CELREF version 3
P2:LaMnO3 (900°C)
Initial values : (Refinement keys on 2nd line)
Zero Lambda a b c alpha beta gamma volume

0.000 0

H

K

1.54060 0

L

5.5341 5.7438

1 1

2Th (obs)

7.7235 90.00

1 0

2Th_obs-shift

90.00 90.00

0 0

2Th (Calc)

245.505

diff.

1

1

0

22.7367

22.7367

22.2893

0.4474

2

0

0

32.5073

32.5073

32.3275

0.1798

2

1

0

35.8669

35.8669

35.9983

-0.1314

2

0

2

40.2804

40.2804

40.0548

0.2256

0

0

4

46.5880

46.5880

47.0236

-0.4356

1

1

4

52.5428

52.5428

52.6288

-0.0860

3

1

2

57.8179

57.8179

57.6075

0.2104

2

0

4

57.9733

57.9733

58.2171

-0.2438

2

0

4

58.3252

58.3252

58.2171

0.1081

2

3

2

63.8060

63.8060

63.7881

0.0179

3

1

3

64.0299

64.0299

64.1354

-0.1055

1

1

5

64.7707

64.7707

64.6637

0.1070

4

0

0

67.8068

67.8068

67.6649

0.1419

1

4

1

68.3478

68.3478

68.5417

-0.1939

0

4

2

69.5210

69.5210

69.8249

-0.3039

2

3

3

69.9709

69.9709

69.9877

-0.0168

3

1

4

72.8807

72.8807

72.7232

0.1575

0

4

3

75.8770

75.8770

75.7933

0.0837

4

2

0

76.6573

76.6573

76.3412

0.3161

4

2

1

77.4414

77.4414

77.5114

-0.0700

Final values : (Standard errors on 2nd line)

Zero Lambda a b c alpha beta gamma volume

0.000
0.0000

H

K

1.54060

0.00000

L

5.5198

0.0074

2Th (obs)

5.7517 7.7377 90.00 90.00

0.0092 0.0139 0.000 0.000

2Th_obs-shift 2Th (Calc)

90.00 245.660

0.000 0.000

diff.

1

1

0

22.7367

22.7367

22.3047

0.4320

2

0

0

32.5073

32.5073

32.4134

0.0939

2

1

0

35.8669

35.8669

36.0668

-0.1999

2

0

2

40.2804

40.2804

40.1002

0.1802

0

0

4

46.5880

46.5880

46.9320

-0.3440

1

1

4

52.5428

52.5428

52.5518

-0.0090

3

1

2

57.8179

57.8179

57.7035

0.1144

2

0

4

57.9733

57.9733

58.1924

-0.2191

2

0

4

58.3252

58.3252

58.1924

0.1328

2

3

2

63.8060

63.8060

63.7640

0.0420

3

1

3

64.0299

64.0299

64.2022

-0.1723

1

1

5

64.7707

64.7707

64.5542

0.2165

4

0

0

67.8068

67.8068

67.8637

-0.0569

1

4

1

68.3478

68.3478

68.4524

-0.1046

0 4 2 69.5210 69.5210 69.7107 -0.1897

2 3 3 69.9709 69.9709 69.9424 0.0285

3 1 4 72.8807 72.8807 72.7555 0.1252

0 4 3 75.8770 75.8770 75.6611 0.2159

4 2 0 76.6573 76.6573 76.5072 0.1501

4 2 1 77.4414 77.4414 77.6723 -0.2309

CELREF version 3

P2: LaMnO3 (1000°C)

Initial values : (Refinement keys on 2nd line)

Zero Lambda a b c alpha beta gamma volume

0.000 1.54060 5.5308 5.7583 7.7447 90.00 90.00 90.00 246.653

0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0

H K L 2Th (obs) 2Th_obs-shift 2Th (Calc) diff.

0 0 2 22.7478 22.7478 22.9480 -0.2002

2 0 0 32.2843 32.2843 32.3473 -0.0630

1 0 3 38.2504 38.2504 38.4512 -0.2008

2 0 2 40.4070 40.4070 40.0325 0.3745

0 0 4 46.5658 46.5658 46.8872 -0.3214

3 1 0 52.2885 52.2885 52.0440 0.2445

1 1 4 52.6792 52.6792 52.4935 0.1857

3 1 2 57.6304 57.6304 57.5940 0.0364

2 2 3 58.4506 58.4506 58.4264 0.0242

4 0 0 67.6516 67.6516 67.7107 -0.0591

1 4 1 68.3997 68.3997 68.3596 0.0401

1 1 6 77.6943 77.6943 77.6931 0.0012

Final values : (Standard errors on 2nd line)

Zero Lambda a b c alpha beta gamma volume

0.000 1.54060 5.5226 5.7527 7.7541 90.00 90.00 90.00 246.342

0.0000 0.00000 0.0101 0.0163 0.0138 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000

H K L 2Th (obs) 2Th_obs-shift 2Th (Calc) diff.

0 0 2 22.7478 22.7478 22.9199 -0.1721

2 0 0 32.2843 32.2843 32.3969 -0.1126

1 0 3 38.2504 38.2504 38.4223 -0.1719

2 0 2 40.4070 40.4070 40.0568 0.3502

0 0 4 46.5658 46.5658 46.8273 -0.2615

3 1 0 52.2885 52.2885 52.1248 0.1637

1 1 4 52.6792 52.6792 52.4518 0.2274

3 1 2 57.6304 57.6304 57.6566 -0.0262

2 2 3 58.4506 58.4506 58.4475 0.0031

4 0 0 67.6516 67.6516 67.8256 -0.1740

1 4 1 68.3997 68.3997 68.4329 -0.0332

1 1 6 77.6943 77.6943 77.6033 0.0910

CELREF Version 3

P3:LaTiO3 (1000°C)

Initial values : (Refinement keys on 2nd line)

Zero Lambda a b c alpha beta gamma volume

0.000

0

H

1.54060
0

K L

3.9111 3.9111

1 0
2Th (obs)

3.9111 90.00 90.00 90.00 59.827

0 0 0 0

2Th_obs-shift 2Th (Calc) diff.

0

1 1

32.5320

 

32.5320

32.3453

0.1867

1

1 1

39.8120

 

39.8120

39.8916

-0.0796

0

0 2

46.3754

 

46.3754

46.3953

-0.0199

2

0 1

52.4121

 

52.4121

52.2586

0.1535

2

1 1

57.9244

 

57.9244

57.6888

0.2356

2

0 2

67.6657

 

67.6657

67.7061

-0.0404

1

2 2

72.3127

 

72.3127

72.4357

-0.1230

 
 

Final values

: (Standard errors on 2nd line)

 

Zero

Lambda

a

b

c alpha

beta gamma

volume

0.000

1.54060

3.9085

3.9085

3.9085 90.00

90.00

90.00 59.706

0.0000

0.00000

0.0078

0.0000

0.0000 0.000

0.000

0.000 0.000

H

K L

2Th (obs)

2Th_obs-shift

2Th (Calc) diff.

0

1

1

32.5320

32.5320

32.3677

0.1643

1

1

1

39.8120

39.8120

39.9197

-0.1077

0

0

2

46.3754

46.3754

46.4285

-0.0531

2

0

1

52.4121

52.4121

52.2966

0.1155

2

1

1

57.9244

57.9244

57.7314

0.1930

2

0

2

67.6657

67.6657

67.7581

-0.0924

1

2

2

72.3127

72.3127

72.4924

-0.179

CELREF Version 3

P4:TiO2

Initial values : (Refinement keys on 2nd line)

Zero Lambda a b c alpha beta gamma volume

0.000 1.54060 4.5793 4.5793 2.9560 90.00 90.00 90.00 61.987

0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0

H K L 2Th (obs) 2Th_obs-shift 2Th (Calc) diff.

1

1

0

27.5243

27.5243

27.5241

0.0002

1

0

1

36.1531

36.1531

36.1383

0.0148

0

0

2

62.8203

62.8203

62.8225

-0.0022

3

0

1

69.2146

69.2146

69.2149

-0.0003

1

3

1

72.6278

72.6278

72.6462

-0.0184

Final values : (Standard errors on 2nd line)

Zero

Lambda

a

b c

alpha beta gamma

volume

0.000

1.54060

4.5793

4.5793 2.9560

90.00 90.00

90.00

61.987

0.0000

0.00000

0.0010

0.0000 0.0003

0.000 0.000

0.000

0.000

H K

L

2Th (obs)

2Th_obs-shift

2Th (Calc)

diff.

 

1

1

0

27.5243

27.5243

27.5243

0.0000

1

0

1

36.1531

36.1531

36.1380

0.0151

0

0

2

62.8203

62.8203

62.8215

-0.0012

3

0

1

69.2146

69.2146

69.2152

-0.0006

1

3

1

72.6278

72.6278

72.6465

-0.0187

CELREF Version 3

P 5:La2O3

Initial values : (Refinement keys on 2nd line)

Zero Lambda a b c alpha beta gamma volume

0.000 1.54060 3.9415 3.9415 6.1373 90.00 90.00 120.00 82.572

0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0

H K L 2Th (obs) 2Th_obs-shift 2Th (Calc) diff.

0 1 1 29.9259 29.9259 29.9292 -0.0033

1 1 3 65.7766 65.7766 65.7391 0.0375

1 2 0 73.3067 73.3067 73.3190 -0.0123

1 1 4 79.0052 79.0052 79.0269 -0.0217

Final values : (Standard errors on 2nd line)

Zero Lambda a b c alpha beta gamma volume

0.000 1.54060 3.9417 3.9417 6.1372 90.00 90.00 120.00 82.577

0.0000 0.00000 0.0049 0.0000 0.0015 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.001

H K L 2Th (obs) 2Th_obs-shift 2Th (Calc) diff.

0 1 1 29.9259 29.9259 29.9283 -0.0024

1 1 3 65.7766 65.7766 65.7380 0.0386

1 2 0 73.3067 73.3067 73.3157 -0.0090

1 1 4 79.0052 79.0052 79.0261 -0.0209

CELREF Version 3

P6:La2Ti2O7

Initial values : (Refinement keys on 2nd line)

Zero Lambda a b c alpha beta gamma volume

0.000 1.54060 13.0031 5.5410 7.7994 90.00 98.46 90.00 555.833

0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0

H K L 2Th (obs) 2Th_obs-shift 2Th (Calc) diff.

2

0

0

13.8275

13.8275

13.7591

0.0684

1

1

0

17.4933

17.4933

17.4127

0.0806

2

1

0

21.2188

21.2188

21.1479

0.0709

-2

1

1

23.1136

23.1136

23.1104

0.0032

2

1

1

25.0670

25.0670

25.0859

-0.0189

3

1

0

26.2020

26.2020

26.2617

-0.0597

-3

1

1

27.5340

27.5340

27.4517

0.0823

-1

1

2

28.1952

28.1952

28.1821

0.0131

-3

0

2

28.7170

28.7170

28.7426

-0.0256

3

1

1

29.9809

29.9809

29.9703

0.0106

0

2

0

32.2966

32.2966

32.2861

0.0105

-4

1

1

32.7942

32.7942

32.7858

0.0084

-3

1

2

33.0580

33.0580

33.0562

0.0018

-4

0

2

33.5228

33.5228

33.5287

-0.0059

0

2

1

34.4367

34.4367

34.3657

0.0710

-4

1

2

37.3570

37.3570

37.3488

0.0082

0

1

3

38.6073

38.6073

38.5664

0.0409

2

0

3

39.5815

39.5815

39.5808

0.0007

-1

2

2

40.0583

40.0583

40.0490

0.0093

1

2

2

41.2840

41.2840

41.2866

-0.0026

-6

0

0

42.1893

42.1893

42.1204

0.0689

-5

1

2

42.4538

42.4538

42.4871

-0.0333

4

2

0

43.1249

43.1249

43.0626

0.0623

-3

2

2

43.7581

43.7581

43.7652

-0.0071

6

1

0

45.3428

45.3428

45.3249

0.0179

-5

0

3

46.1500

46.1500

46.0543

0.0957

-1

0

4

46.5320

46.5320

46.5391

-0.0071

-4

2

2

47.2043

47.2043

47.2344

-0.0301

-6

1

2

48.2796

48.2796

48.2751

0.0045

1

0

4

48.6583

48.6583

48.7226

-0.0643

-2

2

3

48.8658

48.8658

48.8260

0.0398

-2

1

4

50.0812

50.0812

50.0767

0.0045

1

1

4

51.6388

51.6388

51.6069

0.0319

7

0

1

52.8950

52.8950

52.8502

0.0448

6

1

2

54.3891

54.3891

54.4725

-0.0834

0

3

2

55.0687

55.0687

55.0844

-0.0157

7

1

1

55.4909

55.4909

55.5804

-0.0895

 
 
 
 
 
 

Annexe

1

3

2

56.0488

56.0488

56.0715

-0.0227

-6

2

2

56.6660

56.6660

56.6605

0.0055

-7

0

3

57.1486

57.1486

57.1176

0.0310

-5

1

4

57.7098

57.7098

57.7687

-0.0589

-3

3

2

58.0559

58.0559

58.0675

-0.0116

-8

0

2

58.8393

58.8393

58.8411

-0.0018

8

1

0

59.8705

59.8705

59.8534

0.0171

7

2

0

60.4161

60.4161

60.4049

0.0112

-8

1

2

61.3564

61.3564

61.3955

-0.0391

-2

3

3

62.3364

62.3364

62.2841

0.0523

-4

0

5

62.8288

62.8288

62.8002

0.0286

2

0

5

64.1094

64.1094

64.0488

0.0606

-7

0

4

64.6749

64.6749

64.6612

0.0137

-9

0

0

65.2306

65.2306

65.2343

-0.0037

-5

0

5

65.8244

65.8244

65.7873

0.0371

-9

1

1

66.9879

66.9879

66.9217

0.0662

3

0

5

67.4620

67.4620

67.4096

0.0524

1

4

0

67.9852

67.9852

68.0133

-0.0281

-5

1

5

68.1219

68.1219

68.1935

-0.0716

-9

1

2

68.6949

68.6949

68.6637

0.0312

-1

2

5

69.0624

69.0624

69.0651

-0.0027

4

2

4

69.2228

69.2228

69.1908

0.0320

6

2

3

69.8576

69.8576

69.8596

-0.0020

8

2

1

70.2700

70.2700

70.2349

0.0351

-9

0

3

70.4508

70.4508

70.4600

-0.0092

9

1

1

70.8575

70.8575

70.8135

0.0440

1

3

4

71.7877

71.7877

71.8301

-0.0424

-3

4

1

72.1147

72.1147

72.0843

0.0304

-10

0

1

72.6359

72.6359

72.6712

-0.0353

3

4

1

73.3525

73.3525

73.3513

0.0012

2

2

5

73.5542

73.5542

73.5608

-0.0066

9

0

2

73.9923

73.9923

73.9901

0.0022

6

3

2

74.2391

74.2391

74.2240

0.0151

-3

4

2

75.0117

75.0117

75.0276

-0.0159

-4

0

6

75.3557

75.3557

75.4143

-0.0586

10

1

0

75.8212

75.8212

75.8801

-0.0589

3

4

2

77.5072

77.5072

77.5185

-0.0113

9

2

1

77.7216

77.7216

77.7201

0.0015

5

4

0

78.2756

78.2756

78.3334

-0.0578

5

1

5

78.6794

78.6794

78.7253

-0.0459

10

1

1

79.0492

79.0492

79.1161

-0.0669

Final values : (Standard errors on 2nd line)

Zero Lambda a b c alpha beta gamma volume

0.000

1.54060

13.0031

5.5410

7.7994

90.00

98.46

90.00

555.842

0.0000

0.00000

0.0023

0.0011

0.0017

0.000

0.013

0.000

0.126

H K L 2Th (obs) 2Th_obs-shift 2Th (Calc) diff.

2

0

0

13.8275

13.8275

13.7590

0.0685

1

1

0

17.4933

17.4933

17.4127

0.0806

2

1

0

21.2188

21.2188

21.1479

0.0709

-2

1

1

23.1136

23.1136

23.1109

0.0027

2

1

1

25.0670

25.0670

25.0851

-0.0181

3

1

0

26.2020

26.2020

26.2615

-0.0595

-3

1

1

27.5340

27.5340

27.4522

0.0818

-1

1

2

28.1952

28.1952

28.1822

0.0130

-3

0

2

28.7170

28.7170

28.7436

-0.0266

3

1

1

29.9809

29.9809

29.9693

0.0116

0

2

0

32.2966

32.2966

32.2862

0.0104

-4

1

1

32.7942

32.7942

32.7863

0.0079

-3

1

2

33.0580

33.0580

33.0570

0.0010

-4

0

2

33.5228

33.5228

33.5298

-0.0070

0

2

1

34.4367

34.4367

34.3658

0.0709

-4

1

2

37.3570

37.3570

37.3498

0.0072

0

1

3

38.6073

38.6073

38.5659

0.0414

2

0

3

39.5815

39.5815

39.5790

0.0025

-1

2

2

40.0583

40.0583

40.0492

0.0091

1

2

2

41.2840

41.2840

41.2861

-0.0021

-6

0

0

42.1893

42.1893

42.1198

0.0695

-5

1

2

42.4538

42.4538

42.4882

-0.0344

4

2

0

43.1249

43.1249

43.0624

0.0625

-3

2

2

43.7581

43.7581

43.7660

-0.0079

6

1

0

45.3428

45.3428

45.3244

0.0184

-5

0

3

46.1500

46.1500

46.0559

0.0941

-1

0

4

46.5320

46.5320

46.5389

-0.0069

-4

2

2

47.2043

47.2043

47.2353

-0.0310

-6

1

2

48.2796

48.2796

48.2763

0.0033

1

0

4

48.6583

48.6583

48.7210

-0.0627

-2

2

3

48.8658

48.8658

48.8264

0.0394

-2

1

4

50.0812

50.0812

50.0770

0.0042

1

1

4

51.6388

51.6388

51.6054

0.0334

7

0

1

52.8950

52.8950

52.8484

0.0466

6

1

2

54.3891

54.3891

54.4700

-0.0809

0

3

2

55.0687

55.0687

55.0843

-0.0156

7

1

1

55.4909

55.4909

55.5787

-0.0878

1

3

2

56.0488

56.0488

56.0712

-0.0224

-6

2

2

56.6660

56.6660

56.6617

0.0043

-7

0

3

57.1486

57.1486

57.1195

0.0291

-5

1

4

57.7098

57.7098

57.7704

-0.0606

-3

3

2

58.0559

58.0559

58.0682

-0.0123

-8

0

2

58.8393

58.8393

58.8424

-0.0031

8

1

0

59.8705

59.8705

59.8526

0.0179

7

2

0

60.4161

60.4161

60.4044

0.0117

-8

1

2

61.3564

61.3564

61.3967

-0.0403

-2

3

3

62.3364

62.3364

62.2846

0.0518

-4

0

5

62.8288

62.8288

62.8015

0.0273

2

0

5

64.1094

64.1094

64.0462

0.0632

-7

0

4

64.6749

64.6749

64.6636

0.0113

-9

0

0

65.2306

65.2306

65.2333

-0.0027

-5

0

5

65.8244

65.8244

65.7892

0.0352

-9

1

1

66.9879

66.9879

66.9218

0.0661

3

0

5

67.4620

67.4620

67.4064

0.0556

1

4

0

67.9852

67.9852

68.0135

-0.0283

-5

1

5

68.1219

68.1219

68.1954

-0.0735

-9

1

2

68.6949

68.6949

68.6649

0.0300

-1

2

5

69.0624

69.0624

69.0646

-0.0022

4

2

4

69.2228

69.2228

69.1879

0.0349

6

2

3

69.8576

69.8576

69.8566

0.0010

8

2

1

70.2700

70.2700

70.2332

0.0368

-9

0

3

70.4508

70.4508

70.4621

-0.0113

9

1

1

70.8575

70.8575

70.8114

0.0461

1

3

4

71.7877

71.7877

71.8290

-0.0413

-3

4

1

72.1147

72.1147

72.0848

0.0299

-10

0

1

72.6359

72.6359

72.6712

-0.0353

3

4

1

73.3525

73.3525

73.3511

0.0014

2

2

5

73.5542

73.5542

73.5585

-0.0043

9

0

2

73.9923

73.9923

73.9868

0.0055

6

3

2

74.2391

74.2391

74.2221

0.0170

-3

4

2

75.0117

75.0117

75.0283

-0.0166

-4

0

6

75.3557

75.3557

75.4155

-0.0598

10

1

0

75.8212

75.8212

75.8790

-0.0578

3

4

2

77.5072

77.5072

77.5178

-0.0106

9

2

1

77.7216

77.7216

77.7181

0.0035

5

4

0

78.2756

78.2756

78.3334

-0.0578

5

1

5

78.6794

78.6794

78.7209

-0.0415

10

1

1

79.0492

79.0492

79.1137

-0.0645

Références bibliographiques

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