Peuples autochtones et droit au développement au Cameroun. Cas des pygmées Baka de l'est
par Marielle KOLOKOSSO
Université catholique d'Afrique Centrale Yaoundé - Master en droits de l'homme et action humanitaire 2010
Indigenous peoples are one of the poorest groups of people in the world. Therefore, the entire international community is doing all in its power to improve on their living conditions through development. In effect, the right to development, a right for the Third Generation, is intimately linked to the fight against poverty and seems to be the answer to improving the living conditions of the indigenous people in general, and the Baka people in particular. However, the international instruments that ratify the right to development for the benefit of the Baka people requires that the development actors fully integrate the dimension of human dignity in achieving development for them to the same degree as that of access to their well being.
Cameroon recognizes the right to development for the Baka pygmies, as citizens of Cameroon. However, the Baka people due to their peculiarities require special protection for them to fully benefit from the right to development. Without this protection, the implementation of the right to development for their benefit will be difficult and incomplete. Observing the Baka of Missoumé, it was noticed that emphasis is put on access to their well being, and the dimension of human dignity is neglected. The immediate consequences are that they suffer from acculturation and they develop dependence vis-à-vis donors. The implementation of the right to development for the Baka pygmies of Eastern region is very demanding, and calls for reforms as early as possible so that people can enjoy this development, while respecting its specificity.
Key words: Development, Indigenous Peoples, Baka Pygmies, Right to development, acculturation, protection, Cameroon, cultural specificities, human dignity, fight against poverty.
CPLE : Consentement Préalable, Libre et Eclairé
DDPA : Déclaration sur les Droits des Peuples Autochtones
DRSP : Document de Stratégie de Réduction de la Pauvreté
GIC : Groupement d'Intérêt Commun
JIPA : Journée Internationale des Peuples Autochtones
MBOSCUDA: Mbororo Social and Cultural Development Association
MINAS : Ministère des Affaires Sociales
MINEDUB : Ministère de l'Education de Base
ODM : Objectifs du Millénaire pour le Développement
ONG : Organisation Non Gouvernementale
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