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Réforme des marchés publics et performance du système: cas des nouveaux acteurs de la passation des marchés publics

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par Paul René JOUONANG
Institut Supérieur du Sahel-Université de Maroua - Ingénieur de Conception, Facilitateur de Développement 2014
  

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ABSTRACT:

JOUONANG Paul René : Mémoire de Master 2, Département SCISOD, I.S.S. - Université de Maroua - Page vii

Public Contracts sector occupy a prominent position among the different sectors of activities of the State. Because of the multiple and substantial interests that it generate, this sector is in the field, the most place where the phenomenon of corruption that plagues the State institutions, is developed. That's why the Public Contracts system is subject of constant and perpetual reforms. One of the most significant of these reforms was made in 2011, at the occasion of the government organization by the President of the Republic. Indeed, the Decree No. 2011/408 of 9 December 2011 created a ministerial department exclusively devoted to the management of the Public Contracts. New entities for the award of Public Contracts have been set up. The new Regional and Departmental Delegations of Public Contracts, and Local Tenders Boards thus entered in effective function from the beginning of the 2013 financial year. Prerogatives assigned to them where supposed to contribute to a better implementation of the basic principles of Public Contracts which determines the performance of the system. This study analyzes the status of the Cameroonian Public Contracts performance by means of the duties of the new stakeholders of the Public Contracts award. The study shows that the taking of office of the personal of the Regional and Departmental Delegations of Public Contracts and members of the new Local Tenders Boards, rather than contributing to the implementation of the basic principles of the Public Contracts system, is currently maintaining the bad practices observed in the Public Contracts system for many decades and that yet justify the reform. These bad practices are encouraged by the lack of punishment of the malfonctions committed by these new actors of the system.

Key words: Public Contracts, reform, corruption, performance, bad practices.

JOUONANG Paul René : Mémoire de Master 2, Département SCISOD, I.S.S. - Université de Maroua - Page viii

SOMMAIRE

DEDICACE i

REMERCIEMENTS ii
LISTE DES TABLEAUX iii

LISTE DES SIGLES, ABREVIATIONS ET ACRONYMES .. iv

RESUME vi

ABSTRACT vii

SOMMAIRE viii

INTRODUCTION GENERALE .. 1

PREMIERE PARTIE : CADRE CONCEPTUEL ET THEORIQUE DE LA

PERFORMANCE DU SYSTEME DES MARCHES PUBLICS .. 9

CHAPITRE 1 : ANALYSE DES CONCEPTS ET DES THEORIES SUR LA

PERFORMANCE DU SYSTEME DES MARCHES PUBLICS 11

Section I : Définition et présentation des concepts sur la performance du système des

Marchés Publics . 11

I.1. Marché Public .. 11

1.2. Performance . 15

1.3. Réforme 16

1.4. Compétence . 17

Section II : Les principes de base des Marchés Publics . 23

2.1. Le principe de la liberté d'accès à la commande publique .. 23

2.2. Le principe d'égalité de traitement des candidats 26

2.3. Le principe de transparence des procédures 27

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