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Action program of the rwandan women parliamentary forum (RWPF) in matter of promotion of the know how of the rwandan women facing vision 2020: Case of Huye District (1996-2006)

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par Frédéric TEGERA MPAMYA
National University of Rwanda - Bachelor's Degree 2007
  

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1.6. Description of the zone of study of the District of Huye

1.6.1. Principal geographical characteristics

1.6.2. General aspect

Huye is one of the eight districts which make the Province of the South; it is consisted fourteen sectors: Mbazi, Kinazi, Simbi, Maraba, Rwaniro, Rusatira, Huye, Gishamvu, Mukura, Ruhashya, Tumba, Kigoma, Ngoma, Karama.

1.6.3. Relief

The District of Huye is located on a central plate with a topographic unit of collinear type in its central part, in the East and the South. It occupies the tabular tops of the hills with an average altitude of 1700 m; it goes down up to 1450 m towards the farm from Songa. In its Western part, it rises as one moves towards the West to culminate with more than 2000 m at the top of the Huye mount. Bottoms melt marshy are located at an altitude of 1650 m.

1.6.4. Climate and pluviometry

The District of Huye is characterized by a climate of the moderate type subequatorial, with an average temperature oscillating around 20oC. Its annual average pluviometric module turns around 1160 mm of rain. As on the whole of the country, the climate is marked by 4 quite distinct seasons: a great rain season (semi February - May), a great dry season (June - semi September), a small rain season (semi September - December) and a small season dries (January - semi February). Pluviometry is characterized by abundant precipitations of 1400 mm on average per annum.

1.6.5. Hydrography

The hydrographic network of the District of Huye is consisted rivers, in the West, one notices the river of Kadahokwa which is directed North in the South; in the center, the river of Rwamamba is; in the East, there is the large valley of Rwasave drained by the river of Kihene directed of North in the South; these rivers are drained towards Migina which is the affluent of the Akanyaru river; in Western North is the river Mwogo who deverse in Nyabarongo. The District of Huye is very rich in marshy valleys along the rivers and of the brooks, which constitutes a potential to be developed.

1.6.6. Grounds

The grounds evolve/move in-depth according to their situation on the hill; the best grounds are in the marshes (they are sandy and rather humus-bearing) if those are not enables by the erosion of the hills. The grounds on the granitic dorsal are the least fertile, they are very low in humus. The grounds of the central plate are less bad, they are of the koalisol type, fertile when erosion did not degrade them, and when the humus-bearing horizon of these grounds is well preserved.

1.6.7. Fauna and flora

The natural vegetation disappeared under the pressure from the cultures and was replaced by anthropic vegetation i.e. resulting from the action of the man and it is dominated by the farming plants. The major part of the grounds is under food crops and, by order, of importance there are the banana tree, bean, the sorghum, sweet potato and manioc etc... Generally, one notes an insufficiency of forests and the little which exists requires a renewal. However, one mainly meets some afforestations made up of eucalyptus and grévillia. As for the savage animals one finds some especially in the zone of the station of the ISAR Songa to knowing, the jackal, the gazelle, rabbit, hare, etc.

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