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From unplanned settlement to new housing development in Kigali city: the case study of Amahoro cell, Muhima sector


par John MUGISHA
National University of Rwanda - Bachelor's degree 2011
  

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Table of contents

Dedication Erreur ! Signet non défini.

Acknowledgements ii

Abstract iii

Table of contents iv

List of tables vi

List of figures vii

List of photographs viii

List of acronyms and abbreviations ix

1 GENERAL INTRODUCTION 1

1.1 Background to the study 1

1.2 Definitions of the working concepts 3

1.3 Problem statement 4

1.4 Research interest and motivation 7

1.5 Research hypotheses 8

1.6 Research objectives 8

1.7 Research design 10

1.8 Scope of the study 11

1.9 Problems and limitations 11

1.10 Organization of the research 11

2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 12

2.1 Study area 12

2.2 Data collection methods 14

2.2.1 Secondary data collection ............................................................................................................. 14

2.2.1.1 National documents and policies 15

2.2.1.2 Spatial datasets acquisition 15

2.2.1.3 Academic documents 15

2.2.2 Primary data collection ............................................................................................................. 15

2.2.2.1 Field observation and field measurement 15

2.2.2.2 Field survey 15

2.2.3 Sampling techniques and sample size.................................................................. 16

2.3 Data integration, processing and analysis 18

3 RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS 19

3.1 Relocation experience in Ubumwe cell 19

3.2 Existing situation of Amahoro cell 22

3.2.1 Nature of housing................................................................................. .......... 22

3.2.2 Physical and social infrastructure............................................................... .......... 25

3.3 Planning implications of Amahoro cell 28

3.4 Resident's perception on informal housing upgrading and master plan implementation 29

3.4.1 Perception on Kigali master plan............................................................... .......... 30

3.4.2 Perception on expropriation process and relocation.......................................... .......... 31

3.5 Housing regulation in Kigali city 34

3.6 Impact of new housing policies on unplanned settlement dwellers 36

3.6.1 Positive impacts................................................................................... ......... 36

3.6.2 Negative impacts............................................................... ...................................... 37

3.7 Housing demand in Kigali city 38

3.8 Strategies for housing low and medium income groups in Kigali city 38

3.9 Major housing developers in Kigali city 40

3.10 Challenges in new housing development in Kigali city 43

4 CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS 45

4.1 Conclusion 45

4.2 Recommendations 46

Reference 48

Annex 1: Questionnaire for residents xi

Annex 2: Questionnaire for local leaders xvi

ANNEX 3 Compensation prices xxi

List of tables

Table 1: Number of households in Amahoro cell 3

Table 2: Surveyed households in each Umudugudu 17

Table 3: Interviewed local leaders in Kigali city 18

Table 4: Periods of plot acquisition in surveyed households 23

Table 5: Residents' judgment on the sustainability of building materials in their neighborhood 30

Table 6: Residents' perception on implementation of KCMP 32

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